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Modern Computer Technology

Technology is not only the light of the darkness way of our life but also the solution key of any problems and the improvement of our success. The touch of technology in the computer field is the surprising invention beyond our thinking. Today’s gift of the technology is amazing to us and it will be backdated tomorrow for the exponential improvement of technology. Computer technology is not only being improved by the year to year but also improving day to day and for that reason the real invention of present was limited in thinking in the yesterday and today’s imagination will also be real tomorrow. As computer is formed by the synchronized accumulation of its two fields like hardware and software, the technology is also keeping his contribution significantly in these two fields for also making the computer as the great performer.

With the advancement of computer technology the size of the computer is becoming smaller and more effective than the before. The data storage capability of the computer is now limited to the megabyte and usually it extends to the gigabyte to terabyte and in this way modern computer is the world within a world. Hard disc, DVD discs and removal discs are such kinds of memory storage device those are now small in size and more capable than the before.

Instructions executor of computer are known as the computer processor which is more powerful now because of the invention of modern technology. Modern computer technology has now combined two, four, eight or more core in a single processor to get the extreme performance and these kinds of processor are known as the dual core, core-2-dua, core-2-quad and core-2-extreme in the market. These types of processor are 2, 4, 8 and even 16 times fasted to process data. The cash memory and the bus speed are also not limited to the kilobyte and it is extended to the megabyte now. With these basic elements, the other component of the computer is becoming greater performer and effective those were only in imagination a few days ago.

The period has gone away to use bulky part and overweighed tools for the setup of your computer. LCD monitor has solved these kinds of problems and it is comfortable to our eye for the filter technology that filters the harmful ray emitting from the monitor. The most advantageous gift of the modern computer technology is the laptop computer which is small in size and flexible to use it. The producer of this product have also tried to accumulate the advantages of the modern technology like Bluetooth, web came and such as such.

The modern processor, monitor and the overall computer are low power consuming and more effective. The RAM of the computer is the helper of processor which is used as the primary memory for analyzing code instruction or software and the memory size of RAM now exceeds to single gigabyte. Software, usually open source software are being improved too rapidly which give us the new features day by day. Popular and user friendly operating system like Windows operating system is updating with great features to satisfy the requirements of the users. Open source software and operating system like Linux give you the update time to time and you can add features as you like. For these great features computer is said to be the wonder of science and modern computer technology is the successor of that wonders.

HP Mini 5103 Review

The HP Mini 5103 is the most recent business-class netbook from Hewlett Packard. Physically it seems to be almost precisely such as the HP Mini 5101 and 5102 which precede it. The primary distinction is the fact that from the US the netbook is only readily available in a brand new darkish brown “espresso” colour. Under the hood, the HP Mini 5103 has all the things that produced those earlier models unique – plus a number of new selections.

Style and design

Like the Mini 5101 and 5102 prior to it, the 5103 incredibly a lot seems and feels like a shrunken HP ProBook, that is a compliment. HP hasn’t changed the outer design and style a lot for this generation, which can be mostly a great thing (with all the exception of your touchpad). You get a case with anodized aluminum on top and magnesium alloy around the bottom. Add in a very soft-touch therapy about the deck and also a clear HP DuraKeys coating to the keyboard, and you’ve a netbook which will stand up to a fair quantity of abuse. Not that the 5103 does not have design; the lid on our unit was a brown espresso shade instead in the regular black, a therapy that carries around to your deck. Weighing 2.8 pounds (with all the six-cell battery) and measuring .9 inches thin, the Mini 5103 can very easily slip into a backpack or briefcase. The six-cell battery protrudes a touch from the bottom in the system, but it’s hardly noticeable. To make the 5103 far more appealing to college students, a carrying handle is readily available; it screws on and replaces the rear feet.

Keyboard and Touchpad

The keyboard around the Mini 5103 is straightforward to type on with its Chiclet-style design and style. Spacing involving keys was wide ample to support decrease mistakes though typing, as well as the style and design was really comfortable to type on for hours at a time. The slightly-smaller than full-size style did take some adjustment to have applied to, since some from the outer perimeter keys are condensed in contrast to keys across the center from the keyboard. The tab, `, and 1 buttons had been scaled-down than typical to assist make room for other keys. Typing pressure required to activate every key was minimal, with every single key only needing a delicate contact to engage. Key noise was minimal, allowing me to type without having annoying other folks in meetings or coffee shops.


The HP Mini 5103 provides an optional multitouch display that has a WXGA resolution. For normal day to day usage the screen is wonderful for browsing the world wide web or writing paperwork with out excessive scrolling. For accurate finger-input the scaled-down details may be troublesome, but with practice it will get less difficult to hit the more compact icons. The screen incorporates a matte complete that’s excellent when it comes to reducing screen glare. The additional layer for your touch-sensitive screen did not appear to add that significantly haze, keeping photos and text crisp and clear. We measured peak brightness at 225nit and also the contrast degree at the center from the screen as 151:1, that is about typical in terms of netbook or notebook displays.


The HP Mini 5103 is now becoming offered using the newest dual-core Intel Atom N550 processor. In our tests this considerably increased the responsiveness in the operating system, with programs loading quicker, webpages scrolling smoother, and startup and shutdown times improving. Our evaluate unit was also equipped which has a 7200RPM tough drive which also additional towards the much better user experience. In regular every day activities the dual-core processor was great when it came to flexing the multimedia energy of your notebook. We had been in a position to decode 720P videos played locally around the notebook and also play 720P HD videos on sites like YouTube devoid of stuttering. Currently to have that degree of performance you must consist of an external decoder card to support with HD video decoding. In contrast to other single-core Atom netbooks we did not notice an improve in 3D performance.


Programs for Certification in Assistive Technology
Assistive technology practitioners without appropriate education and relevant experience can pose a danger to the safety of vulnerable assistive technology users. Safety and satisfaction are more likely to result when assistive technology users work with certified assistive technology practitioners. Although certification is not a license to practice, in the future it may be required by employers. Occupational therapists earning certifications as assistive technology practitioners enhance their value to their employers and clients.

California State University at Northridge Assistive Technology Applications Certificate Program

  • This program includes a mix of online and in-person classes. Completion of a project customized to the needs of a client is also required. The program encompasses using assistive technology for a wide range of applications in the home, at school, in the workplace and in the community.

    The focus is on providing existing and new assistive technologies for those needing augmentative and alternative communication, environmental controls, seating and positioning assistance, mobility devices and computer access technology. Clients served will have learning, physical, cognitive and/or sensory disabilities.

    Program participants will learn about the resources supporting assistive technology devices and services. They will be able to implement practical knowledge from the program into everyday situations. In addition, they will be able to work as part of a team through a national assessment framework.

    California State University at Northridge
    18111 Nordhoff St.
    Northridge, CA 91330

Northern Illinois University Assistive Technology Specialist

  • Those who earn the Certificate of Graduate Study Program for Assistive Technology Specialist are able to identify and procure instructional and assistive technologies for students with multiple mild disabilities. They can assess a student’s technology needs and integrate the appropriate technology into their daily routine. In addition, they will have the knowledge and experience to provide consultation to colleagues and families regarding available assistive technologies.

    The curriculum emphasizes working with other professionals as part of the team serving the client, researching emerging technologies, translating research into practice, supporting technology in academic settings, and preparing students, teachers and parents to use instructional and assistive technologies.

    Northern Illinois University
    1425 W. Lincoln Highway
    DeKalb, IL 60115

State University of New York at Buffalo Graduate Program in Assistive Technology

  • The Advanced Graduate Certificate Program in Assistive and Rehabilitation Technology employs a dynamic, problem-based approach to learning through classroom projects, community involvement and exposure to current research literature. The goal of this program is to educate practitioners and researchers striving to improve the independence and quality of life of those with disabilities.

    Course work integrates technology to educational, vocational and independent living environments for persons with disabilities. Those completing the program can work as advanced clinical practitioners and assistive technology researchers.

    Students must complete four three-credit graduate courses oriented to the needs of practitioners and clinical researchers. Two of the courses are part of the core curriculum and two are electives. Courses typically meet one evening per week for a semester.

    University of Buffalo
    401 Kimball Tower
    3435 Main St.
    Buffalo, NY 14214

East Carolina University Graduate Certificate in Assistive Technology

  • This graduate certificate program is for teachers, occupational therapists, speech therapists, recreational therapists, rehabilitation counselors, physical therapists, engineers and other professionals who strive to improve the functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities.

    Courses in this program are online and delivered through distance learning. Students take three core courses and one elective for 12 credits. They must also attend several sessions on the campus to acquire hands-on experience using the assistive technology equipment. Those who gain certification will have a broad-based knowledge of assistive technology and the ability to work as part of a collaborative team to serve the client.

    East Carolina University
    East Fifth Street
    Greenville, NC 27858

George Mason University Assistive Technology Certificate

  • This certificate program provides training for practitioners working with family members or colleagues who need assistive technology at school, at home, at work or in the community.

    Requirements include completing courses awarding 15 credits. Two core courses are worth five credits. One of these required courses includes a community project. Electives fulfill the remaining 10 credits.

    Flexible class scheduling makes it possible to complete all course work within a calendar year. One-credit courses last five weeks, two-credit courses last 10 weeks and three-credit courses last a full semester.

    George Mason University
    4085 University Drive
    Fairfax, VA 22030

How to Silver-Plate Plastic
Silver electro-plating is an easy process that requires sophisticated equipment. You can silver-plate small plastic items in your home or studio with a rectifier, a small glass container and specialized chemicals. Large plate projects require expensive equipment that is usually not affordable for small studios or suited for home use. Silver-plating plastic is a great way to produce lightweight jewelry or objects. Many jewelry designers sculpt plastic or wax, silver-plate the creation and leave the wax or plastic as a solid core to create jewelry that is durable and looks large, but requires little silver to create.


  1. Clean the plastic with soap and water.
  2. Paint the plastic with electro-conductive paint and a paintbrush and allow the paint to dry. Cover the entire surface.
  3. Attach the rectifier’s positive lead to the sheet metal that supplies the plating solution with an alligator clip. Attach the negative lead to the plastic object painted with electro-conductive paint with an alligator clip.
  4. Pour the plating solution into a glass container. There should be enough solution to completely immerse the prepared plastic object.
  5. Immerse the painted plastic item into the silver-plating solution. Turn on the rectifier and adjust it according to the manufacturer’s instructions. The electrical current will cause the silver molecules in the chemical bath to coat the plastic painted with electro-conductive paint so that a “skin” will develop and plate the plastic.
  6. Remove the silver-plated plastic item once you are happy with the plating results and rinse it with water.
  7. Filter the solution and return in to its original container for storage. Two coffee filters work well. Clean and dry the rectifiers and the alligator clip attachments before storing.

The Advantages of Emerging Technology

Emerging technology can improve people’s lives in many ways. Technological advancements can help people complete tasks more efficiently, keep them safer and healthier and also protect the environment. Not all technologies make it past the testing and development stage. However, those that do sometimes end up revolutionizing people’s lives and, by extension, the world.


  • Time does not stand still, and neither do people. People are constantly on the go and need to get things done more quickly and accurately. Inventions like the computer, telephone and cellular phones have forever changed the course of human life. They allow people to conduct business and interact with each other without having to travel thousands of miles. More recently, a new type of transistor made out of graphene promises to make electronics smaller and perform at extraordinary speeds. This benefit should thrill not only consumers, but also researchers and businesses seeking ways to increase efficiency and improve productivity.


  • When African American inventor Garrett Augustus Morgan, Sr, witnessed a collision between a horse-drawn carriage and an automobile back in the early 1900s, it convinced him that something could be done to improve traffic safety. The fruits of his labor yielded the three-position traffic signal, which is used around the world today. In August 2011, the U.S. Department of Transportation will be hosting six Driver Acceptance Clinics across the country to test an emerging technology that allows vehicle-to-vehicle communication. The DOT hopes this technology will help motorists avoid crashes by warning the driver of potentially hazardous situations.


  • Emerging technologies can play a critical role when it comes to human health. Wheelchairs help those who have lost mobility in their legs to get around, while MRI devices detect abnormalities and diseases within people’s bodies. Positron Emission Tomography has been identified as a quicker and more accurate method of diagnosing infections in patients who may have cancer or cardiovascular disease. The technology is already making its way into several U.S. hospitals. Great Plains Regional Medical Center installed a PET device in April 2011 as a part of its facility expansion and to ensure cancer patients receive the best possible care. Lantheus Medical Imaging plans to present the positive results of its Phase 2 clinical trial of PET imaging technology at the Nuclear Cardiology and Cardiac CT Conference in Amsterdam in May 2011.

Environmental Conservation

  • The scientific reports are in: destructive human habits are polluting the world and adversely affecting the environment. Many emerging technologies are now being geared toward environmental conservation. Inventors are creating eco-friendly light bulbs, beauty products and automobiles. Former U.S. president George W. Bush signed the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 into law to increase U.S. production of renewable fuels. Professor Frances Arnold is busy designing enhanced enzymes for making biofuels from cellulose. Her ultimate goal is to aid in the reduction of greenhouse gases by making low-emission biofuels a sustainable substitute for fossil fuels.

Samsung Electronics Launches Samsung Pay

Technology giant Samsung Electronics Co Ltd launches a smartphone app in South Korea. It is developed to provide easy mobile payment services for online transactions.

Samsung Pay

The web payments app is called Samsung Pay mini. The latter is designed to be compatible with all types of Android and Apple devices. Currently, the mobile payments service is compatible with Samsung devices. As the firm has mentioned, maybe the service would expand into other manufacturers’ products. As for other markets, it is not yet clear if the app would be taken to other markets as well.

Samsung Pay has simple design and is highly reliable. It comes with Samsung’s best available security and is accepted almost anywhere where the user can tap or swipe your credit card. It enables the user to complete fast and easy transactions. Samsung Pay is designed with several layers of security and can keep your payment information separate so that not to store or share it.

EMB – Best for Merchants

Electronic payments are of special importance for merchants running an online business. If you are interested in finding a safe and secure high risk merchant account provider, turn to EMB. eMerchantBroker is considered the number one high risk payment processor in the US and offers the best merchant account services to business owners of all types.

EMB provides the lowest possible rates in the industry and boasts a unique chargeback prevention and protection program in the market. EMB offers iCheck for Immediate Payments from check-based transactions. With EMB, you can enjoy Business Funding Fast Approvals, and get working capital in your account without wasting time.

Samsung Electronics hopes its mobile payments service will enable them to defend market share. What is more, it becomes quite convenient to attract new customers who will pay more for its devices. Samsung Pay currently delivers online payment services in South Korea but does its best to pay through it than at offline stores.




Understanding Medical Identity Theft

Many identity thieves use the major shopping stores such as Home Depot and Target so as to collect information, which they can then use to steal from you. However, this is not the only way that identity thieves can use to steal from you. An id theft protection comparison chart shows how fraudsters can steal from you every time you visit your physician.

Medical Identity Theft is the practice where identity thieves obtain your health insurance information and Social Security Number and uses it to receive medical treatment, and services fraudulently. Mind you; these are services whose prices are skyrocketing with each passing year.

Recent surveys show that close to ninety percent of all healthcare organizations in the country have at one time or another had a data breach in their offices. The attacks made by hackers and identity thieves have risen by 125 percent in the last five years. The increase in the criminal attacks is attributed to the fact that medical identities are worth a lot of money in the black market, as compared to the financial information.

It is estimated that these kinds of breaches have cost the medical industry close to six billion dollars, in the last two years alone. For a consumer, these are very scaring statistics. What is more worrying is the fact that many medical organizations do not have the capabilities required to protect and prevent the loss of patient data.

Medical Identity Theft victims have to spend thousands of dollars in a bid to restore accuracies in their medical records, as well as in their credit card reports. It is a process that can be time-consuming, and mentally exhausting, and hence, the need for one to take extra precaution when visiting the doctor’s office.

Apart from the financial complications, Medical Identity Theft exposes victims to some risks. For instance, if someone steals your identity, and uses it to receive treatment, the new information will be added to your medical records. It, therefore, goes to mean that your primary physician may end up having the wrong information about your allergies, and more importantly, your health history.

Though it may be difficult to prevent identity theft, closely monitoring your healthcare bills, and taking the time to read through your credit card reports will help you report any inaccuracies on time. You should ensure that you monitor your statements on a weekly basis so as to make sure that you do not become a Medical Identity Theft victim, which will not only place you in a precarious financial position but also mess with your medical history.

Invest in LED High Bay Lights for Convenience in Lighting

Today LED high bay lights are receiving more and more popularity for industrial facilities due to the financial benefits they offer. Personally for entrepreneurs like me who have established a commercial business, the advent of such lighting solutions has been a great boon. The traditional lighting solutions that I earlier used in my industries did not have a great light distribution effect. In this situation I had to pay more attention on the lighting fixtures rather than focusing on my business.


Moreover, due to the huge time and money consumed in the industrial environment, to installation and maintenance handling I was consistently trying to find the most efficient and effective light solutions for my warehouse. This is when I came across LED lights that could be used within the industrial premises. As a type of lighting lamp the largest advantage I could have was its lighting performance. It emits better light and is flicker free.

Another factor that really I was really impressed with that when compared to the traditional lights these lighting solutions were more energy efficient. Once I upgraded to LED lights I could save up to a half in electricity bills which was definitely an advantage. It was long before I realized that LED lighting technology offers customized lights for almost every area and every use. On the other hand maximum benefit can be attained only if the correct type of lighting is used. This is one of the major reasons why I purchased a different lighting solutions namely LED area light for the parking lot of my industrial area.

Regardless of a slightly higher capital cost, the low maintenance cost was one of the reasons I could save huge amounts of money in the long term. In business it is important to work each day to increase revenues and cut costs and using the correct type of lighting fixture is definitely the first step. It is not unusual to hear of businesses making a return on investment in lighting cost when done correctly. It was solely because of all these reasons why I opted to use these types of lights for my business use.

Accordingly, more LED manufacturers make efforts in further optimizing and improving illumination of lighting solutions for industrial facilities. Luckily the manufacturers through whom I had bought these were well designed and easy to make control practices such as dimming and turning off. I was really amazed to see their different range of lights that also included LED canopy light. Besides, the lights that I had purchased did not include hazardous materials that required special disposal methods.

The manufacturers provided me with the exact light depending upon the area and its uses. For instance my commercial setting had an underground car park where they provided a perfect lighting solution. In the case of lighting which every facility needs energy costs are not expected to decline in the foreseeable future. In such a scenario I would definitely recommend every individual who has a commercial establishment to opt for LED lighting solutions. Through personal experience I can assure you that you will not be disappointed.


15830 El Prado Rd. #F

Chino, CA 91708

United States

The Best Dell Touch Screen Laptops Under 50K

Dell is one of those tech brands that immediately strike the loyalty chord with all its customers. Such is the technological brilliance of the brand that its products become a favourite even after a single usage. This is especially true with the wide range of Dell Laptops. One of the hallmarks of Dell Laptops is that their range of laptops is built with the latest technology available in the market and they boast of the most advanced features. Dell also understands the requirements of the consumer and it provides the right solution to satisfy their needs. For instance, in today’s time when everybody is looking for touch-screen, Dell is right up there among the first names in the market to bring out its range of Touch screen models. If you are looking to buy a new laptop but don’t want to spend more than 50 K we provide the top 3 laptops that you can consider buying.


Dell Inspiron 15R 5521 Touch Laptop

Rated as one of the best touch screen laptops in the market, the Dell Inspiron 15R 5521 is priced at Rs. 46, 500 (approximate price). The first that would immediately draw your attention towards this laptop is its magnificent design and wide screen size. It features a 15.6 inches screen that is ideal for all users as it gives you sufficient space to browse through the internet easily as well as work on the presentations and excel sheets without feeling lost amidst the work. Also, for gaming lovers, the screen is just perfect to enjoy a remarkable gaming experience. On the hardware front, the device features Intel Core i3 3rd Gen processor with a clock speed of 1.9 GHz, 500 GB Hard Disk, Intel HD 4000 Integrated graphics card, 4 GB RAM that is expandable up to GB. If you compare Dell laptop prices with other brands, you would barely find another model that offers this kind of features and at this price.


Dell Inspiron 11 3148 Touchscreen Laptop

This laptop is specially crafted for business people who are constantly on the move and want to stay connected to the internet all the time. The highlight of this laptop is its screen fold capacity, you can literally flip your screen and use the touch features to easily navigate through the applications just like your smartphone. The brilliant display quality is a big plus as it allows you to work with ease even when you are out in the sun. The 11.6 inches screen is just small enough to be able to carry easily yet it is quite big to conduct your work without any hassles. The device is operated by Windows 8.1, which is quite an intuitive OS and makes working on the laptop even more fun and enjoyable.


Dell Inspiron 15 3521 Touch Laptop

This is another very popular touch screen laptop from the Dell Inspiron touch laptops series. The aesthetically appealing design combined with powerful performance makes it a favourite laptop among several users. One of the best features of this laptop that separates it from the ordinary is its 8 hours long battery life. So if you are businessperson who likes to stay connected all day or if you travel a lot, you can be sure that your laptop would not run out of juice and would help you accomplish your tasks with ease. The Intel Core i3 Gen 3 1.8 GHz processor, 500 GB hard disk, 4 GB RAM ensure that you get to carry out your task at lightning fast speed even while you are running multiple applications simultaneously.

The Eco Button – Modern Technology

We all are aware of our current implications on the environment and how the way we act will impact in the future, but how are we dealing with this in the automotive industry? The eco button is a new introduction on a car, designed to make people more conscious of the environmental impact that cars have on our world. But is it more of a marketing tool of is it there because consumers really want it? Some cars currently have the same sort of idea in a city button which provides lighter steering for the driver and makes it easier to manoeuvre around tight corners and into smaller spaces. Really, it is fifty fifty. People want it because they think it will save them money when they are fuelling up their vehicles, and therefore are looking for vehicles that will help them conserve fuel. But drivers do not want to sacrifice any of the features we have become accustomed to, and so are more interested in features like a button we can press that, although making us go slower, will let us keep all our creature comforts.

So what does it really do? Looking at the Toyota and Lexus vehicles, by pressing the eco button you tweak the accelerator which in turn optimises the climate control, making the vehicle more safe on the environment. Emissions are reduced, and the car becomes a veritable eco safety net for the environment.

Manufacturers estimate a five to ten percent improvement on fuel consumption and on general economical value, and although the ‘eco button’ hasn’t been tested properly, with tests on miles per gallon being done on the vehicles without pushing the eco button, it  is felt that these cars could be a significant move on saving the environment and protecting the world.

What it does add however is the option of choice; you will be able to make a decision based on the vehicles on the market as to whether you desire speed, comfort or the feeling of saving the world. The power is now in your hands! Whatever vehicle you drive, ensure you have Car Insurance.

Digital Thermometer, helpful modern technology

There was once a time when taking someone’s temperature involved warming up a glass tube which contained Mercury and then placing it carefully under the tongue for several minutes until the Mercury rose to the indicated temperature number. The number was given in Celsius however and was rather complicated to read not to mention the amount of time in which it took not only for the preparation of the thermometer but also the total process all together was ridiculous.

It was not until many years later that people discovered the dangers in the substance known as Mercury. Just one small crack in the glass tube could send someone into a fatal attack of the blood stream. After this huge discovery, came the invention of the safer, easier to use digital thermometer.

The battery powered digital thermometer is not only easier to use but, it also does not have a single drop of mercury in it so it is safe to use. It works by electronically taking the persons temperature through a highly sensitive board of circuits in the tip which detect heat when in contact with it. The temperature is then displayed digitally on a small LCD screen so that it is easy to read. Unlike with the old mercury glass tube though, the digital thermometer is available in many types from baby pacifiers to ear thermometers and even medical grade forehead scanners that work by infrared. These thermometers were a huge step for technology and the world too.

With baby pacifier thermometers, a parent could take their infants temperature by simply getting them to do what they love to do already; suck on a pacifier. Within minutes, a parent could have their infant’s temperature with no fuss or stress to either party. Even better however, when the invention of the no-touch thermometer was released. This thermometer put digital in a class by itself.

Used in many pediatric hospitals, the touch-less digital thermometer charges on a base and is used by simply scanning the forehead. Infrared censors pick up the temperature within seconds and with no requirements to even touch the person. This type of digital infrared technology thermometers are also used in an ear type in which the temperature is taken by inserting the tip into the ear for just a second.

You do not need to get worried that from where you can buy one. Anyone can easily buy one from area medical or general store. These thermometers are available at reasonable price. However, if you find it difficult to go to any store, you can buy one online. Just select the appropriate one and stay safe.

There is no doubt that the thermometer has come a long way as has technology. Since the first discovery of the dangers of Mercury until the first release of the digital thermometer, people were in a constant state of fear to use the glass tubes. Now however, people are provided with a safe, durable and convenient way to take their loved ones temperature free, from these worries.

An Overview On Umpiring & Modern Technology

The introduction of electronics and technology as third umpire or fourth umpire is thought as in invasion to the glory of cricket to some school of thought. But there is another school which feels that the use of technology especially in decisions taken by umpires is just a practical implement of the game to make correct decisions. There had been lots of instances in the past when umpire’s wrong decisions prevented players from making records, scoring good runs and teams losing games. Now with the blend of umpiring and modern technology there is little chance of such mistakes and there would more practical way to take decisions in crucial situations.

In cricket the umpire is actually a symbol of neutral and unbiased decisions that are taken in the game to judge situations. But in many instances the umpires fell from grace and the umpires simply started losing the confidence on the pitch. Therefore the ICC felt that there was need of enhanced role of an impartial electronic umpiring on cameras which would help the umpires take fair decision and also put a practical approach in the game. The ICC is looking forward to the referral system of umpiring in which the electronic umpiring would have more efficacy of electronic umpiring over human umpiring.

Will modern technology improve umpiring system of cricket?

To err is human! There are certain instances in the game when human minds and senses cannot work so quickly and effectively to make correct decisions. The cricket world is basically unhappy with caught behind appeals, LBW outs, close ground caught, run between wicket outs, and others. The modern technology with advanced software and innovative system can help umpires to have a better look at the situation and take correct decisions on the appeals. Therefore umpires must not feel that introduction of such umpiring and modern technology is a way to cut their roles. It is actually a helping hand to them to make the game more practical and fruitful. There won’t be any chances of people and players getting dejected from wrong decisions.

On a sudden appeal the umpire on the on field raises his hand and point the index finger top, indicating the batsman out. But the replay on TVs and other screens show that there is no touch of the ball to bat or handle. When the player sees the replay later on he feels dejected and losses the spirit of the game and the spectators too lose the rhythm of the sport. Wrong decisions have negative impacts on player and people. Therefore there needs to be a fair system where decisions taken are correct and practical. Armoring umpires with modern technology is actually a way to take the game to more spirited level. Thus, modern technology will definitely improve umpiring system.

Summary: The use of technology especially in decisions taken by umpires is just a practical implement of the game to make correct decisions. There had been lots of instances in the past when umpire’s wrong decisions prevented players from making records, scoring good runs and teams losing games. Modern technology will definitely improve umpiring system

Emerging Technologies Summary for 2010

Emerging Technologies in Energy & Environment

The Energy & Environment Crisis is an Opportunity in Disguise

Globalization is expected to double the level of industrialization in about 10 years, producing a commensurate increase in the demand for energy, pollution levels, global warming, and other aspects of the energy and environment crisis. Our forecasts show that today’s growth of green business should take off in three-five years, and governments are likely to take serious steps to curb global warming about the same time. Alternative energy sources –  wind turbines, biofuels, nuclear plants, and solar cells – are growing 30-40% per year, roughly the same rate as Moore’s Law. The entire market for green technologies is expected to reach about $10 trillion in time, larger than autos, health care, and defense. In particular, solar energy technology is really taking off. According to the experts at Precision Roofing Inc, “It is now more accessible and affordable than ever.” This means that more people will begin investing in the technology which will continue to make it more accessible and affordable. In short, the present energy and environment mess actually offers a great opportunity in disguise.

Emerging Technologies in Information Technology

Information Technology Changes Everything   

Computer power continues to double every two years, a second generation of optical, biological, and quantum computers is poised to take over in a decade, and artificial intelligence is automating routine mental tasks and raising the level of knowledge everywhere. These profound advances are moving life online into a virtual world that is ever-present and intelligent.  The Web is the same age when color TV became the dominant force of the 20th century.  Within a decade, people are likely to speak to high-fidelity images on large wall monitors while working, shopping, learning, and conducting almost all other social functions.  You might buy something by simply talking with an onscreen robot that greets you by name, knows all the merchandise and displays it on demand, answers questions, and has infinite patience – the perfect salesperson.  This suggests a tipping point is imminent as IT matures to transform economics, markets, lifestyles, and social institutions.  The threats to existing businesses are likely to be vast – but so will the opportunities.

Emerging Technologies in E-Commerce

E-Commerce is Uniting the Globe  

Most e-commerce today operates at about 10 -15% adoption levels, but our forecasts suggest that online shopping, publishing, education, entertainment, and other services are likely to reach the critical 30% adoption level soon where new businesses usually take off. And the huge populations of China, India, Brazil, and other developing countries are moving in droves to PCs, the Internet, and smart phones. We anticipate that four-five billion people will soon inhabit a digital world that is smarter, faster, and interactive, creating online markets of several trillion dollars. Instead of a liability, the poor actually represent a huge potential market for inexpensive goods. C.K. Prahalad, a leading business professor, said “The world’s four billion poor should be considered the biggest source of growth left.”

Emerging Technologies in Manufacturing

Manufacturing Goes High-Tech
The smoking factories of the Industrial Age are yielding to intelligent manufacturing systems operating worldwide to produce goods cheaply, quickly, and made to order. Research in materials and nanotechnology is making it possible to create almost any type of product, and mass customization can deliver an endless stream of sophisticated goods designed for individuals. The Japanese and Koreans have produced intelligent robots that can walk, climb stairs, and speak with humans, and they are finding work as office receptionists, security guards, and helpers in offices and homes.  Driven by the pursuit of cheap labor and new markets,  these changes are likely to bring industrialization to poor nations over the next few decades. However this economic growth is also producing mounting demand for scarce resources, increasing loads on the environment, and clashes between diverse cultures. An industrialized world will be a boon to business – but making it sustainable is an enormous challenge that will test us for decades.  

Emerging Technologies in Medicine

Medical Advances Confer Mastery Over Life
A  variety of breakthroughs is likely to provide mastery over the process of life itself. Artificial organs are being developed to replace almost all bodily functions, including parts of the brain, and stem cell research is increasingly able to repair organs. Electronic medical records, online doctor’s visits, computerized diagnostics, and other forms of telemedicine should curtail rising costs and improve quality of care. Nanotech is being used to develop tiny devices that are intelligent enough to seek out cancer cells, small enough to enter cells and destroy them, and are safely removed by the kidneys. The U.S. National Cancer Institute thinks cancer deaths could be eliminated by 2015. Just as the Industrial Age mastered most aspects of the physical world, these advances are now making it possible to master the biological world.  Yes, it sounds too good to be true, but so did the notion that men could fly, much less travel to the moon.

Emerging Technologies in Transportation

Transportation Is Moving Faster and Farther 
Our forecasts show that a new wave of green autos powered by hybrid, electric, and fuel cell engines should enter the mainstream about 2013 – 2018, and we are likely to see “intelligent cars” that may even drive themselves. So there are growth opportunities for automakers if Detroit can get its act together. It may seem that information systems could replace travel, but information forms a virtual world that parallels the physical world. People will always want to visit each other, handle the merchandise, and hammer out tough decisions together. The need for physical contact is inexhaustible, and studies show that growing virtual contact makes face-to-face relations more necessary.

Emerging Technologies in Space

Space is Going Private
CEO Richard Branson is scheduling the first suborbital flight of tourists aboard Virgin Galactic for 2010, and competitors are rushing their own plans, including visits to the Moon and space hotels. Just a few years ago the idea seemed laughable, but it now looks like space tourism will soon launch the realistic possibility of opening the final frontier to private ventures. Burt Rutan, who leads Virgin Galactic’s effort, said: “If we reach our goal of flying 100,000 people in the first ten to twelve years, you are going to see unusual creativity. As the thrill of experiencing space becomes available to almost anyone, it is easy to imagine the floodgates of entrepreneurial creativity opening to permit a rush of new ventures – roughly the way the Wild West was tamed by pioneers a century ago. Our experts estimate that people will commonly take orbital flights around the Earth as safely as airline flights in about 5 years, signaling a watershed from government control to free enterprise.

Liquid Desiccant Air Conditioner – An Emerging Technology

The essential requirements for comfortable and healthy indoor environments are adequate ventilation and humidity control. In the humidity rich regions of the world to solve the above problems the key solution is the air conditioners based on liquid desiccants technology.

Liquid desiccants are solutions that have a high affinity for water vapor. This property is the key to creating cooling systems that dehumidify air without over-cooling.  Liquid desiccants used in the systems commonly are very strong solutions of the ionic salts lithium chloride and calcium chloride.

These ionic salts have the attractive characteristic and have essential zero vapor pressure. Because of such reason, vapors of the desiccant will not appear in the air supplied by the LDAC (liquid decissant air conditioner). This technology can enhance heat transfer by a mechanism that is the inverse of vaporative cooling. When air flows over a surface wetted with water, evaporation from the film of water will lower the temperature of the water-air interface toward the wet-bulb temperature of the air. This wet-bulb temperature is a function of the air’s initial temperature and humidity.

A line of constant enthalpy that passes through the air’s state point intersects the saturation line on a psychrometric chart at approximately the wet-bulb temperature.

A liquid-desiccant air conditioner (LDAC) has three major components: (1) the conditioner, which dries and cools the process air, (2) the regenerator, which heats the weak desiccant to drive off the water that was absorbed in the conditioner, and (3) the interchange heat exchanger, which uses the hot, concentrated desiccant that leaves the regenerator to preheat the cool, weak desiccant that leaves the conditioner. The conditioner is a water-to-air heat exchanger that is constructed from plastic plates. Cooling water flows within the plates and films of liquid desiccant flow down the outer surfaces of the plates. When air flows over a surface that is wetted with a desiccant, the desiccant can either absorb or desorbs water, depending on whether the desiccant’s equilibrium relative humidity is above or below the air’s relative humidity.


Since Google’s announcement to restructure into Alphabet by the end of the year, we haven’t heard a lot from the inside. Presumably, there were a lot of moving pieces to be sorted internally, and press weren’t invited to those conversations.

But today we’ve gotten the first peek at what an Alphabet company will look like from Alphabet president Sergey Brin: a standalone version of Google’s life sciences team, the group initially tasked with packing body monitoring hardware into a contact lens.

This group was expressly mentioned in CEO Larry Page’s initial announcement of the creation of Alphabet. With a little speculation, we can now look to other explicitly-mentioned groups to become their own companies under Alphabet, namely Calico, which was Google’s fight against aging.

Another Google X project mentioned was Project Wing, a competitor to Amazon’s drone delivery service.

The new company will be led by CEO Andy Conrad, who has been leading the team since 2013. He comes from a history of leading projects in the private sector, working in 2005 with Dole Food Company chair David Murdock to establish the North Carolina Research Campus, a health research superpower. He also co-founded the National Genetics Institute in 1991, and built a new HIV test.

The lab will take projects from early research to clinical testing according to Brin, and looks to “transform the way we detect, prevent, and manage disease.” So far, Brin says, the group has created a nanodiagnostics platform and a cardiac and activity monitor. Let’s see what they do now.

Modern Education Requires Computer Technology

Every year, before schools and college institutions begin their classes, students from around the country visit department stores and major electronics chains in an effort to get all those necessities that will allow them to complete successfully their studies. So, if you have recently been accepted to college and you are not exactly sure which your computing needs will be, buying a notebook computer is not a luxury purchase, but actually a necessity. In fact, anyone who has to cover frequent travel concerns, from college students to frequent business travelers, should possess a laptop, given the fact that it provides a mobile and light-weight computing experience for computer users around the world.

Recent research indicates that laptops are in fact used extensively as people need to own computer systems that are as mobile as they are. Buying an effective machine that can also be easy to carry around has increased considerably the laptop sales over the last decade, considering the lower manufacturer and assembly costs. Deals between hardware developers and software engineers have resulted in improved notebook systems that incorporate the ability of them being transferred easily from one place to another, as well as being able to compute much more than the main software functions, like reading and composing emails, operating spreadsheets, or using word processing applications. In fact, whether one needs to take work from one office location to another or do some work while onboard, today’s laptops can accomplish almost any task.

But if you are still contemplating on whether or not you actually do need a laptop to perform your computer-related college work, it is useful to consider the vast capabilities of these travel-ready devices as well as your current needs and ability to operate them. Owning a highly portable workstation can provide you with entertainment, productivity and ease of use. Forget about long messy cords and mouse pads. Easy to navigate by just using your fingers, today’s laptop models need no more than their rechargeable batteries or just an outlet to connect to their AC adapter and you are good to go.

Listening to music, playing games, watching videos, or writing a paper has never been easier. Laptop computers allow college students to manage their daily busy schedules instead of loosing time and effort. Some models offer screens that are only visible to the person that seats directly across them, eliminating the chances of one being able to visibly access your files and folders. Headphones and microphones, as used with desktop publishers are used to provide an efficient but considerate experience. Keep in mind that most of the available models come with software applications already in place making Internet browsing or working on a project a simple and easy process of starting up the machine. Finally, since laptop computers have become a mainstream device, many affordable models are offered in electronic superstores or are available to be ordered directly from the laptops manufacturers’ websites.

Modern Technology Combats Age Old Frustration

On a fairly superficial scale, there is almost nothing more irritating than sitting in traffic. Cars inching forward at a snail’s pace; only the lanes next to you ever making any progress. Fortunately, Honda Motor Company is well on its way in introducing technology aimed at easing traffic congestion and preventing rear end accidents on our crowded roadways. It is the latest offering from Honda’s Environmental Vision campaign aimed reintroducing “the joy and freedom of mobility” and a “sustainable society where people can enjoy life”.

Developed through a partnership with the Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Tokyo, Honda has officially introduced the world’s first technology designed to detect the potential for traffic congestion and determine whether the driving patterns of a vehicle are likely to create a traffic jam. The system works by analyzing the acceleration and deceleration patterns of a vehicle to determine the likelihood that the vehicle will cause a traffic stoppage in the future. It is not a system that provides information on existing congestion and how to avoid it.

Using the gathered information, the system then prompts the driver of the correct preventative behavior. This includes an on board display with a color coded system to encourage smoother driving habits and curb the intensity of acceleration or deceleration. The major issue being addressed through this technology is the unsafe and unnecessary driving maneuvers that many motorists employ in congested situations. When a safer, slower, and more consistent speed would ease the tension of high volume areas, too many motorists are quickly accelerating and quickly braking over and over again. By installing a system that can determine a safe and steady pace for a vehicle to follow, drivers will be much less inclined to drive in such an inefficient manner, or so Honda would have us believe.

According to preliminary test results, this congestion prevention technology has the potential to greatly improve traffic flow, and the environment as well. In simulated tests, the system helped to increase the average speed on congested roadways by approximately 23%, also increasing fuel efficiency for vehicles on the road by as much as 8%. Mitigating the wealth of start/stop driving also works to decrease the levels of CO2 being blown into the atmosphere through vehicle exhaust.

Having conquered the theoretical test phase, Honda is now moving to real world testing in some of the most congested areas in the world. In May and June of 2012, the automaker will begin testing the technology in Italy and Indonesia. If tests are successful, such technology could find its way into regular production in the years to come. Hopefully, with such a system on board, traffic (and stress) can begin to be alleviated. Coupled with other safety technologies being developed today, motorists can hope for a future where drivers are focused on the task of safe driving, making the road a safe place to get us all to our destinations, wherever they may be.

If you or someone you know has been in an accident, you need help. The Consumers’ Law Group provides their clients with expert legal help to win you results. You can feel confident that the Los Angeles injury attorneys who represent you know your concerns and the issues you face with crowded roads, freeways, and highways that can lead to automobile, motorcycle, bus, and truck accidents. The San Diego injury attorneys know these issues from the inside and out—as legal professionals and as citizens who share the road and live in the communities.



The process of making glass was already amazing. Take tiny grains of sand, melt them at staggering temperatures with other chemicals, then carefully cool it into a brand new solid, ready to be a vase, window, bottle, or bead. It’spossible to make glass on your grill in the backyard but generally it’s a skill reserved for craftsmen or factories. Then, there’s MIT.

MIT’s Mediated Matter Group has figured out a way to put molten glass through a 3D printer, creating beautiful sculptures. They call their system G3DP, and it is incredibly beautiful to watch.

From a reservoir heated to 1900 degrees Fahrenheit, the printer can lay down individual layers of melted glass, building it up into a finished sculpture. And the printer doesn’t have to make straight lines or simple cylinders. The machine drizzles glass like honey into fascinatingly beautiful shapes.

Though the fabrication process leaves the glass red-hot, when the sculptures cool, they are transparent. Some of the final sculptures will be on display at Cooper Hewitt Smithsonian Design Museum next year.

Chlamydia – How Modern Technology Has Been Successfully Ending Relapses!

What is Chlamydiasis?

Chlamydiasis is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection. It can also be transmitted from mother to child during vaginal birth. It is among the most commonly occurring STDs, and is notorious for producing relapses. It is possible for a person to be infected with the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria and show no signs and symptoms. Such a person may still transmit the virus to sexual partners. The most common symptoms of Chlamydia include genital inflammation, vaginal / penile / rectal discharge, burning during urination and fever. The Chlamydia trachomatic bacteria can also cause infections of the eye. If left untreated, Chlamydia could lead to pelvic inflammatory disease.

Treatment Options for Chlamydia

Antibiotics (Allopathic Medicine)
Chlamydiasis is usually treated with antibiotics like tetracycline, azithromycin or erythromycin. Administering antibiotics in the early stages of infection is often effective. However, early diagnosis is not always possible, if symptoms are not present in the initial stages.

Chlamydia is known to be a recurring problem. This is because the bacterium has an uncanny ability to produce antibiotic-resistant strains.

Ancient Ayurvedic Herbal Medicine (Natural Medicine)
Ayurveda has centuries old alkalizing and cooling herbal medicines like Chandani tablet and Sarivadi tablet, which effectively relieve symptoms of chlamydiasis like pain and burning during urinating.

Nosode Technology – Vaccine-Principle (Homeopathic Medicine)
Nosode technology has been meeting with tremendous success with ending relapses of chlamydiasis. It administers the body with Homeopathic Nosodes – energetic imprints of the bacteria that cause Chlamydiasis, on a vaccine-like principle. The body’s immune system is thus coaxed into producing antibodies to defend the body against future attacks.

New Trends in Natural Medicine – Combining the Best of Ayurveda and Biotechnology

Today, there is a growing trend of combining different natural medicinal systems to offer a complete solution. Taking Chlamydia as a case in point, great naturopathic minds have been combining the benefits of advanced Homeopathic Nosode technology with ancient Ayurvedic medicine. The result? – Quick symptomatic relief combined with an immune system that is equipped to tackle future threats of Chlamydia infection!

Modern Television Technology

It was only ten years ago that everyone had the same television.  A large bulky object which took a large area thanks to massive cathode ray tube which protuded from the back of the television.  However, now things are very different with some televisions offering a much larger television screen, upto five times as large, yet is only a two to three inches thick.  The arrival of the flat screen has revelutionise an entire industry.  Now millions of people have thrown away there old televisions and invested in a stlyish and incredibly powerful television which offers far better picture quality for a device which uses up far less space than its predecessor.

However, the arrival of the flat screen has brought with a range of variations in the same technology which can often be confusing and times simply baffling.  We now have plasma, LCD, DLP and HDTV.  But what we all want to know is what do they mean and which one is best.

To analyse each peice of new television technolog we shall treat them equally by listing them in alphabetical order:

DLP. Digital Light Processing was originally used as a processing of controlling projectors which uses minute mirrors to reflect the correct colour of light to form a solid colour.  DLP is far less common than LCD and plasma but it does have the benefit of offering being much safer and reliable than other television technologies.  The technology also means that burn-in is not an issue and DLP system using a powerful processor can create an incredibly fine picture even for fast moving screen images.

HDTV.  This is a measurement of picture quality which is continuing to play an ever more important role in the sale of televisions.  When flat screen televisions exploded onto the market there was little consideration from consumers into the picture quality and resolution. However, television manufacturers are coming under pressure to produce high definition television screens with ever smaller pixels for the cheapest price possible.

LCD.  LCD stands for Liquid Crystal Display.  It is essentially the same technology which were used in childrens hand held games however they have developed in very large and picture quality screens which can display fast moving objects with precise clarity.  They are also one of the most energy efficient TV technologies and are now leading the race of plasma.  The technology use tiny crystal to twist into milions of different shapes to display the diffent colours to make up the image on the screen.

Plasma.  Plasma televisions use an array of gas which are energised in a certain format to create the colours necessary to form the picture on the screen.  Plasma was also the orignal material for flat screen televisions however it is now gathering a very bad reputation due to its poor environmental credentials as the television uses far more energy than alternatives such as LCD.  Concerns over its use of energy is growing so bad that certain states in America are banning the sale of plasma of televisions.  It is also rumoured that China may ban the sale of plasma in a bid to improve its environmental image and diffuse concerns over its growing number of coal power stations.

For those looking to purchase a new television it is strongly advisable to avoid plasma televisions.  Not do they use more energy but there resale value could also drop heavily if its ban continues to grow.  Some of the leading manufacturers and original developers of plasma televisions are already stopping the production of these televisions.

In summary, you should simply avoid plasma as an option for a television and select an LCD television.  LCD televisions have come down in price rapidly since they first hit the market with some prices falling by as much as twenty percent in one year.

You should also search around and looking for the television within your budget which offers the best screen resolution has picture quality.  Altough soon we will also be looking to purchase 3D televisions!

Virtual Response System – The Trendiest Technology for Modern Classrooms

Remember those game shows where audience used to feed in their answers in response to the questions raised by the anchor of the show with the help of hand held mobile like device? At present, the same technology is getting used in our education system. Today, each student begins his/her learning experience in the same way with their hands wrapped around tiny hand held learning devices to answer the queries put up by teachers.

Gone are the days when teacher used to conduct a quiz on paper sheets and used to take a couple of days to check the bunch of paper sheet and give the scores back to students. Now; these tiny hand held devices; which are also known as interactive response systems or clickers provides instant feedbacks, saves lots of time and raise the level of attentiveness amongst students.

Besides this, intelligently designed audience response systems of today carry many unique advantages over time consuming paper evaluation methods.

Promotes Two-Way Communication

Interactive response systems are immensely beneficial in a teaching environment where it becomes difficult for a teacher to interact and communicate with large number of students present in a single class. An effective two-way communication is carried out with the help of one main teacher handset, set of student handsets, one handset receiver (which uses superior radio frequency technology) and response system software. These handsets promote group discussion and active participation in classroom teaching, debates and quizzes.

Display Prompt Results

Smart hand held learning devices of today have eradicated the cumbersome and time consuming paper evaluation, result tallying and answer checking methods. Instant poll followed by instant results can be displayed on a touch screen or interactive whiteboards with the help of these clickers.

Create Assessment Instantly

Hand held learning devices are extremely helpful for teachers to spontaneously prepare quizzes, exams sheets, and assessments or to add questions to the teaching material. Moreover, teachers can instantly create their own test material that can be instantly integrated into any teaching lesson or assessment activity.

Virtual G pad is one such innovative virtual interactive response system software that allows students to be actively involved in real time classroom sessions without the need of handsets or clickers. They can relay their levels of understanding and share their opinions via the use of laptop, mobile computer or mobile phones. Not only this, virtual G pad allows the handset to be replaced with an interactive graphic displayed on the screen of any PC, laptop or mobile phone. Certainly, there is no need for hardware such as a handset and receiver to use this application, just a computer with internet connection is required to respond to questions asked without being physically present during lessons or lectures.


PestTrak Professional a New Software Solution for the Pest Control Industry

PSI Mobile, developers of mobile software solutions, have teamed up with Bar Code Data, providers of barcode equipment, to produce an out of the box software solution, known as PestTrak Professional. PestTrak Professional is designed to improve the efficiencies of small to medium sized Pest Control companies. It is due to be launched in the first quarter of 2010, empowering pest control technicians with the tools to eliminate paperwork, streamline their operation and improve their efficiency.

PestTrak Professional is a truly mobile solution, loaded on to a hand-held device, such as a Motorola MC55, giving technicians’ access to live information while on site. Customer details, job schedules and the relevant work sheets needed are available at all times. The technician completes a job and records their findings using the relevant form loaded on the device. Reports are generated immediately using the company’s logo and contact details. This can then be printed on site, sent to the customer via email or on to a website portal that the customer can access using a login and password.

Ian Fearns, Managing Director of Bar Code Data says, “Many technicians we spoke to tend to record all their data on paper forms and file them away, often not to be seen again, which causes unnecessary administration. Also they have mobile phones, laptops as well as their paper forms. With PestTrak the technician can just have the hand-held device, which works as a mobile computer, phone and camera. Also in early 2010, Motorola will be launching a chip and pin add-on for their hand-held terminals, so you get payment straight away.”

“PestTrak Professional is fully interactive and allows live data to go backwards and forwards in real time, all that is needed is a SIM enabled device. Technicians can receive their daily jobs directly on the hand-held device whilst they prepare for work and go straight to their first job! Elimination of paper reduces the work load back at the office significantly ensuring all job completion, and compliance forms are up-to-date.” states Joe Littlewood from PSI.

PestTrak Professional also allows add-ons such as invoicing, GPS, inventory control, health and safety forms, risk assessments and trend analysis. Return on investment is key to smaller operations so the pest control company can choose which modules to add to the basic package therefore keeping the costs to a minimum. Additions can easily be created for specific niche-requirements where needed by the pest control company. The company has full control on how to operate and utilise the system.

Finally with paperwork eliminated and less miles travelled to and from the office to pick up their work, the Pest Control company reduces their carbon footprint and can promote the fact they are an environmentally friendly company, not only with what supplies they use but the fact they don’t use paper.

To be kept up to date on the launch, please email or phone 0161 330 0077. Also you can visit either or for an overview and further news. Also available is PestTrak Enterprise the bespoke solution for large pest control companies.

Written by Colin Blackmore, Marketing for Bar Code Data Company Information

Established in 1990, Bar Code Data are a leading UK provider of specialist barcode and RFID solutions covering a range of products and services from all major Auto ID manufacturers that include Zebra, Motorola, Datalogic, Psion and HHP.

Emerging Technologies in Information Technology Gartner Executive Programs report “Reimagining IT: The 2011 CIO Agenda,” an annual survey of the technology priorities of chief information officers (CIOs), is one of many useful guides on the emerging technologies that are important for business. Although these technologies often move into the mainstream, organizations are beginning to find new ways to use emerging technologies in information technology (IT).


  • The Gartner survey suggests that cloud computing could change the way CIOs manage their operations. By renting processing or storage capacity from service providers with massive external servers, CIOs eliminate the cost of purchasing and supporting additional in-house servers. Cloud computing also releases some of an organization’s existing infrastructure, freeing it for projects focused on innovation and growth, rather than day-to-day operations. Renting software that users can access online rather than installing it on their PCs or laptops reduces purchasing, support and upgrade costs. Gartner comments that CIOs can use cloud to create and realize new sources of value, as well as achieving cost-effective IT operations.


  • Although cloud computing gives organizations immediate access to unlimited processing and storage power when they need to scale up their operations, the applications to fully exploit cloud have not yet caught up. Erica Naone, writing in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) “Technology Review,” lists cloud programming as one of its key emerging technologies. Currently, developers are converting existing programs to run on cloud, rather than creating new types of applications that could only work in the cloud environment, says the author.


  • The launch of increasingly-powerful tablet PCs and smartphones is making mobile working a strong emerging trend. As IT managers develop enterprise-strength security solutions for these devices, organizations are allowing employees to use them to access corporate data and applications. In the MIT “Technology Review,” Nicholas Carr described how smartphones are beginning to feature 3-D imagery. Special software converts images from 2-D and allows users to view them without needing special glasses.


  • Social-media networks such as Facebook and Twitter are well established in the consumer sector. These networks are now emerging as powerful business tools for applications such as marketing, customer-relationship management, collaboration, recruitment and product development.


  • The sheer volume of data from social media is creating a challenge for search-engine providers and users. Data from social networks, blogs and news feeds can provide useful information for companies, helping identify and monitor trends and attitudes. The problem is how to categorize and rank that information while it remains fresh and useful. Developers are working on real-time search techniques to overcome that challenge and make social media useful for research.


  • The search for greater business insight from the vast amount of available data is generating interest in analytics, which consultancy firm Accenture lists as one of its key emerging technologies. Cloud computing gives organizations the ability to collect, store and distribute greater volumes of data. Using analytics will enable organizations to differentiate themselves by creating more value from that data. Analytics help organizations build a more detailed understanding of customer needs, enabling them to develop customer-focused solutions and improve the precision of marketing communications. That ability can accelerate revenue growth and improve profitability.


We all want simpler exchanges of information when meeting new people in person. Yet even in the smartphone era, the humble business card arguably remains the best way. But Knock Knock, a new app launching today, seeks to change that by evoking the physical action of knocking on someone’s door and letting you the user control how much of yourself you let through.

That’s because Knock Knock lets you commit to sharing information with someone new in discrete pieces, rather than giving them a complete contact card with basically every bit of your personal information. The app works by playing on the old association of its namesake: one person opens the app on their phone, while anyone else with the app nearby can simply knock twice on the screens of their own phones to join a group chat, or to wirelessly send one another individual pieces of their contact information.

Promo image of Knock Knock’s group chat feature


Humin, the company behind Knock Knock, has some experience in the area of contact management, having previously created an eponymous app for managing all your existing contacts on your smartphone in a more intuitive manner than an alphabetical list (that app, Humin, was included amongPopular Science‘s Best Of What’s New selection in 2014).

For Knock Knock, a new stand-alone app, Humin tackled the problem of exchanging contacts in two ways. First, they made the interaction simpler: you don’t have to open the app and establish a connection before sharing. In fact only one person has to open the app. Secondly, the contact sharing options include more than just basic info like your phone number, email, and address. You can also share your Facebook, LinkedIn, Instagram and other social profiles as well.


“New social encounters can be both awkward and intimidating,” said Ankur Jain, Humin’s CEO, in a press statement. “Thinking back to my first week of college, I remember wishing there was a way to keep track and remember all of the new people I met. We created Knock Knock as a fun solution that takes the pressure off when navigating these situations, utilizing technology that mirrors our real-life social tendencies.”

Knock Knock works using a combination of Bluetooth and Beacon transmission technology. It calls to mind some popular info trading apps of the past, like Bump, which worked on the same motion-based principle of information sharing. But unlike Bump, Knock Knock doesn’t require the physical meeting of two devices in order to work.

You can even share it with more than one person at a time. Imagine a room full of new classmates in a seminar all knocking simultaneously to set up project groups, or getting everyone’s contact info from that happy hour conversation that was surprisingly not painful.

We’ll have to see how well the app works once it’s made the rounds in a few circles, but for the moment the best feature is the social aspect of the new app: don’t want to give out your phone number to your new Tinder date just yet? Here’s the strategy: “Hey, have you heard about Knock Knock? Download it and let me show you!”

How to Evaluate Emerging Technology

Determining whether new and emerging technology could be valuable can be a challenging endeavor. The varied nature of studies, along with the nuances of the technology itself, may include using data from surveys, focus groups, experiments, case studies and other resources for information. Often, little guidance is available from the technology community due to the sheer vastness of the arena and the speed at which developments take place. To help choose among the many alternatives when you assess an evolving technological development, an approach could include using case studies and experiments that engage outside public sources for the best type of unbiased evaluation.


  1. Demonstrate the commercial potential of emerging technology in order to determine the feasibility of further development for any given technology. Reza Bandarian, in “The Evaluation of Commercial Potential of a New Technology at the Early Stage of Development with Fuzzy Logic” study, defines commercialization as converting or moving technology into a profit making position.

    According to the International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, the comprehensive Strategic Technology Evaluation Program (STEP) is a method plan model designed to link and coordinate existing agencies and services to assist in early evaluation of new environmental technologies.

    The STEP process can be helpful in determining what opportunities may exist for the commercialization of a particular technology. According to the Journal of Technology Management and Innovation, any new technology being considered to reach the market should be able to thrive and prosper in an evolving and unpredictable business environment.

  2. Use the STEP model to determine a technology’s commercial potential. This is a necessary prerequisite in defining what could be a successful commercialization strategy. The STEP can help determine the commercial potential of a certain candidate technology during the early stages of development. This strategy is useful to avoid spending unnecessary time and effort on a project.
  3. Include a number of characteristics which are broken into certain categories based on STEP, for every new technology. For example, according to Microsoft, building an enterprise application integration solution could include such tasks as helping to understand the functional quality requirements for some integrated applications. It can also include creating the initial architectural blueprint and selecting suitable integration applications to fulfill the application requirements for integrated applications. Another component can be validating that the combination of architecture and integration technology used to build the enterprise-wide application are likely to be successful before a major implementation investment is made.
  4. Ensure that the STEP approach described is continuously modified so as to evaluate the commercial potential of many emerging types of technologies. STEP is a framework that can be modified to fit different situations as may be found appropriate. According to Inder Science, versions of the STEP model have been tested on well over 100 emerging technologies as well as varied benchmarked market opportunity analyses. The STEP model presents technology screening, terminology and training of evaluator structural enhancements. Potential uses can include screening, prediction and evaluation factors that may affect technology’s commercial potential.

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The staff at brings rich technical and creative experience with a sound understanding business needs and the internet tech-culture, where attention to hold eyeballs creatively is combined with business functionality, optimum use of original content for search engines attention and an ease in navigation without glitches. Our content creation and content editing team is positioned in south Delhi and is headed by a senior Editor Ravi V. Chhabra, who has over 12-years of writing and editing experience with various leading English media in India and abroad as a journalist and who runs his own features website. Our work entails a combination of latest technologies for web design and web development as per our client’s need, and budget leading to the clients’ complete satisfaction. We have a staff of well experienced in web designing, web development and Web promotion field. Our designers and developers use platforms like: HTML, ASP.NET, VB.NET, PHP, ASP, SQL, XHTML, CSS, and JavaScript XML XSL etc. Our web promotion team has many years of expertise in the SEO, SEM, PPC, SMO, Internet Marketing, Banner Promotion, Email Marketing and related arenas. Our ongoing projects comprise Web Designing, Web Development and Web Promotion and our major clients base comes from India, US, UK, Australia and S. Africa. Our prices are highly competitive and affordable that includes recession compliant packages for small businesses. Our services are completely personalized for the customer’s needs.

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Remember that Hyperloop Pod Racing competition we mentioned in June? Yeah, that’s still happening.

Today, Texas A&M University announced the dates for the design portion of the competition, which will be hosted at TAMU’s campus in January of next year.

At the competition, sponsored by SpaceX, specially selected teams will be entering designs (so more blueprints, less miniature hyperloop pods) for the judges consideration. A detailed set of rules was announced by SpaceX today. Among them, it lists some of the broad requirements for the pods. In terms of dimensions, they have to be under 11,000 pounds and less than 14 feet long. Among the other requirements, they also have to have brakes, communications, telemetry, and it is recommended that the pods levitate. From the rules, “The mechanism(s) for levitation is up to the entrant and is not actually required. Wheeled vehicles (e.g. an “electric car in a vacuum”) can compete, but are unlikely to win prizes.”

We’ll find out more about the exact dimensions and specifications of SpaceX’s Hyperloop test track next month. The exact amounts of cash prizes for the winners are also TBD.

At the design weekend, entrants can display their best ideas for making either an entire pod, or some component of a pod. Then, the actual competition will take place sometime in June 2016, when the teams will test life-sized prototypes of the pods on that yet-to-be-built test track.

Be Totally Entertained with Satellite Direct

Nowadays, television is considered as the leading mass media channels. It has played a significant role in entertainment industries as well as in business industries. The role of the newspaper is already considered as secondary to television, yet it has also led the mess media as the main source of information which also helped the countries to be connected particularly in business sectors.

In fact, leading media in the US like CNN and Bloomberg are now offering customizable news feeds to businessmen and giant corporations around the globe; it is because news is as significant as FOREX statistics and other business-related things.

Introducing: Satellite Direct

Now, a contemporary breakthrough is introduced- the Satellite Direct. It is a new TV to PC Software that represents the merger of television and internet. Considered as a breakthrough in technology, Satellite Direct is also considered as the brainchild of decades of broadcast communication which epitomizes the wall-smashing mindset of new technologies. Satellite Direct is literally enjoying a TV on a computer.

With Satellite Direct, you can now watch TV on PC Software. This means that you will not anymore rush to your living room just to watch television, because you can watch your favorite shows directly through your computer with more than 3,500 high definition channels. This PC Digital TV has very amazing advantages. It is available in Windows and Mackintosh pc users. Aside from that, the computer TV system regularly updates to ensure new and excellent high definition digital feeds possible.

Premium HD content

This PC Satellite Software offers a wide array of entertainment-related features such as news, sports, business news, TV shows, music entertainment and local news. The good news about this product is that it does not require any subscription and it has no hardware to be installed. This program has also no bandwidth limitations, which means, you can enjoy as many channels as you want without bandwidth interference, plus, you can use this Satellite Direct all day, 24/7 without any interruptions.

One time investment for lifetime services

Satellite Direct is designed with simplicity. You will only pay for a one-time fee for the 3,500+ channels and enjoy it for a lifetime! As simple as that-no satellite dishes, no software to download and no hardware to install.

All you have to do is to relax and let Satellite Direct do the rest for you! Now, you can get rid of those brain-cracking problems brought about by your monthly cable bills and costly satellite digital feeds. So, why pay more if you can enjoy TV watching for less?

Does Modern Technology Affect Teens?

A teen wants to help change the world and make it a better place to live. He wants to be a contributor to peace, economic reforms, the improvement of public services and many other aspects of the society. To him, the best way to contribute to these changes is through modern technology.
Before the advent of the computer, the teens spent much time and effort in using their manual typewriters and had headaches in using erasing liquids, retyping their works, crumpling their papers and throwing them to the baskets. The computer changes this. Now, these teens have ease in encoding their reports, making changes and erasures and print the final work. It shortens their time, saves a lot of money for supplies and helps create presentations that wowed their teachers.
If the computer affects the teens, the internet catapulted the teens in greater heights. The internet revolutionized the way teens look at the world and the future. Through the internet, the teens are able to do research using the available engines resulting to earlier submission of their reports, assignments and other school requirements. Most of all, it gives them the opportunity to interact with other teens and discuss relevant issues making them mature and real decision makers. The internet allows them to post comments and suggestions to various organizations, government agencies and other concerned personalities. If before the teens had a hard time to criticize government leaders for their shortcomings, modern technology had encouraged them to speak up and be counted. The teen wants to be heard, and they got it!
Another technological breakthrough is the cell phone. Almost every teen owns a cell phone, some the lesser types, others the most advanced ones. The cell phone gives them access to persons they want instant contact, be it due to emergency, on issues that need urgent responses or mere social calls. Some tv networks had programs allotted for public announcements and interactions, and these teens express their criticisms, observations and requests for positive actions from the government, Problems are now attended to, thanks to the teens and their cell phones.
Modern technology is so engrossing that a teen feels helpless in accomplishing his daily tasks without the necessary gadgets, equipments and tools. Try imagining of a day that a teen has to be late because he must go to the library but has no way of informing his parents except to scamper to the nearest public phone which might be congested of callers. Or he has to find his way over dusty bookshelves to look for the needed book. What about those teens who are really shy to stand up during forums, and instead will opt to keep silent with a big idea buzzing in his head. What a pity!
These teens really want a change, and modern technology is the answer. But these teens must see to it that in order to help make a better future, they have to use technology for the common good. They must now allow these high-tech tools to enslave them, but rather, utilize modern technology to its fullest for the good of mankind.

Radiographers – At The Heart of Modern Technology To Cause Greater Effects

Even today many people don’t know what a radiographer does. It has nothing to do with radar or anything of that sort; however a radiographer works at the heart of modern medicine to diagnose and cure medical conditions. He/she functions like a diagnostic radiographer to produce images (using X-ray technology, fluoroscopy, MRI – Magnetic Resource Imaging, Angiography & CT – Computer Tomography scans etc.) that diagnose injury or disease whereas a therapy radiographer applies radiations technology to cure diseases. Cancer is one such disease that is best treated with targeted doses of radiations (under highly controlled conditions) to shrink the tumour. Both diagnostic and therapeutic radiographer use modern healthcare technologies to deliver extremely vital services to millions of people, without whom the healthcare world could shrink.

Worldwide due to an ever increasing demand for medicinal and healthcare facilities, nations are facing serious shortage of specialised medical practitioners such as radiographers. As a result, jobs openings in medical and healthcare industry for radiography jobs have witnessed a sharp rise over the period of last few years. Due to an increasingly aging population, medical institutions and insurance companies continue to expand in order to meet the increasing demands. Expanding medical facilities and the corresponding growing infrastructure needs well qualified & trained medical professionals to efficiently deliver the most critical services.

UK radiographers are recognised as world’s best practitioners. Prospects for a consultant radiographer or locum doctor are quite bright as radiography jobs are numerous. Promotions opportunities are outstanding with grading structure in place that ensures higher salaries as the individual moves up in his/her career graph. Radiology students need to pay no tuition fees to qualify for an NHS bursary. Since a therapeutic radiographer cures most potential life-threatening diseases such as cancer, he/she should be able to communicate with other member of the team and provide support to the patient who may be frightened or uncertain about what is going to happen. It is necessary that he/she develops a good rapport with patient and its family. Furthermore, a radiographer should have the ability to learn and adapt technologically advanced new skills.

The qualifying radiography students can opt from a range of specialist options. The choices for a therapeutic radiographer comprise treatment planning, treatment deliver, treatment review and palliative care whereas the diagnostic radiographer can specialise in trauma, accidental or emergency, nuclear medicine, MRI, CT scanning, breast screening, ultrasound & Doppler technology. Most of the radiography departments welcome giving students opportunities to spend a week and understand how crucial the profile of a radiographer is.

Do You Have A Home Security System To Protect You And Your Home?

How safe is your home? Do you have a home security system protecting your, Home, Apartment or Condo ? If the answer is no, then the next question you need to ask yourself is……Why not ? A break-in takes takes place every 17 seconds in America. That is about 6200 burglaries a day. The odds of your home or apartment becoming the next statistic is increasing every day that you don’t take proactive steps to deter criminals with a Wireless Home Security System.

A burglar or criminal wants to get in and get out of a building rapidly. Any signal of an alarm is going to send them on their way. Even though they may determine to enter a residence, the high decibel alarm will scare them off. If you have a alarm use it. In the event you don’t have one then its possibly time to purchase one. The cost of a great high quality House Security System can cost less than $200.00.

The advantage of modern Home Security Systems is they’re wireless, no setup, installation is extremely easy, and also the cost is really minimal. Navstar Wireless House Security System are good quality reasonably priced protection for your, home, apartment or small business.

This easy to operate Home Security System will sound an alarm and dial up to 5 preset phone numbers to let you know that motion has been detected or a door or a window has been opened in your home.

When the door/window sensor or motion detector is triggered, it sounds an alarm and sends a signal to the base unit. The base unit dials the very first telephone number on your pre-programmed call list. The person answering the call will hear a prerecorded alert message.
That person will have the alternative to listen in on the room, broadcast their voice by way of the base unit, or disarm the system. If there’s no answer, or if the person doesn’t disarm the system, it’ll dial the next number on your programmed list.

In most instances where a home security system has been tripped by a pet, the motion detectors had been the security equipment that caused alarms to go off. Interior alarms for example motion sensors may be equipped with pet immunity features. This enables you to still protect your house and enable your pets to move about freely in your property without triggering your residential alarm system. Doors and windows are perimeter zones where pets are less likely to trigger a false alarm.

Insurance Discounts normally apply to the Installation of a Wireless Home Security System You get an added opportunity to save money when you have a Home Security System installed in your home or apartment.

Learn more about a Home Security System. Stop by Home Security Stores where you can find out all about Wireless Home Security System and what it can do for you.

Salary of a Principal Consultant
Principal consultants may be employed by corporations or firms, and they are also private contractors. Their ranges of jobs, responsibilities and duties vary from mortgage fraud auditing, quality assurance consulting, and loan work-out consulting (loss mitigation) to investment and fund managers to business and technology consultants. There are hundreds of job titles that easily lend themselves to the job title “principal consultant.”

Salary Ranges

  • Salary ranges for principal consultants depend on the job and what kind of work it entails. The salaries depend on the industry it is in, what level of education the consultant has, how many years of experience, what region they work in and the nature of the work involved. The average salary of a principal consultant is from $94,000 to a little more than $110,000 per year.

Senior Principal Consultant

  • Senior principal consultants can be software engineers, technical support staff, software development managers, and applications engineers. Senior principal consultants earn about $76,000 per year depending on the company they work for.

Principal Consultant

  • Principal consultants in California make about $81,000 per year, per Simply Hired. The average salary in Colorado is $82,000 per year. The average in Illinois is about $80,000 per year and in New York, it is in the mid-80s ($85,000 annually). Principal consultants work in information technology, the life sciences, logistics and sales, as well as many other fields and industries.

Principal Sales Consultant

  • Principal sales consultant jobs cover a multitude of positions and skill levels. For instance, a principal sales consultant in the private sector who works with government accounts may be responsible for technical presales, functional support, mentoring less experienced sales consultants, and developing sales opportunities in need of creative solutions. They also help to develop productivity tools and training, and many are likely private contractors. On average, a principal sales consultant in Los Angeles makes around $84,000 per year and a consultant in Washington, DC makes $102,000 per year.

Companies that Hire Principal Consultants

  • All of the many different job titles and salary ranges under principal consultant cannot be covered here. This section lists the names of a few of the many companies that higher principal consultants. They are Oracle, Accenture, Sogeti USA, Keane, International Business Machines (IBM), SRA International, RCM Technologies, SAP America, Fujitsu Consulting, PricewaterhouseCoopers and many more. The salary ranges of principal consultants for these companies tend to fall between $80,000 to $170,000 or more per year.

Negative effects of modern day technology

Since the industrial revolution, society has become more and more dependent on technology. So much so that we sometimes lack the willingness to think before we act. We become impatient if it takes more than a few seconds to download a copy of the morning news paper. We expect immediate responses to our email, and we expect someone to answer their cell phone whenever and wherever we call. “Industrialization resulted in rapid and sustained economic growth and a massive increase in consumer goods. But at the same time, for many people it meant a thoroughly unpleasant work environment.”1

People in today’s society are always looking for ways to improve their lifestyles and in some way help deal with their physical environment. Agriculture; Farming and cattle herding led to the growth of large, settled human populations and increasing competition for productive lands, touching off organized warfare. The need for transportation brought vehicles into the market. The need for employees brought mechanical robots into society. Battles over land brought on the need for sophisticated weapons. The agricultural system brought on a revolution.

The invention of the television has brought all forms of entertainment into our houses with video and audio combined. Before 1950, newspapers and radio were the only ways to bring media or entertainment into the house. Mass production and other job opportunities brought many people from the rural areas and farms into the city. Society is more reliant on technology than ever before. While technologies have their advantages there is a negative effect to all this technology as well. Technology can actually harm society rather then help it. Competition between companies or even cities can sometimes make our lives for even worse. When a city builds more roads to attract tourists, the result is more traffic, not less. Even things we take for granted such as the automobile have negative effect on us. Because the automobiles cause pollution and that can surely harm us slowly.

Technology is making us so bust that we can cant even find time to spend with our closed one’ would be surprising to know that people are in contact through chat and online messaging though they are in same city .because they think its more faster and effective but they are forgetting that meeting personaly can never replace online chatting.

Before the advent of television and internet, people had ways of having fun together every day .many of these primitive methods of fun have almost disappeared in the morden world .people used to actually talk with each other ,they would play games with each other but now they play games with computer giving no reaction at all making people drift away from one other.

In many ways modern technology had the opposite effect of making us worker harder and faster just to stay in the same place.

How Much Money Does a Consultant Make?
Two common types of consultants include management and IT, or information technology, consultants. Both types of consultants work with major corporations, small businesses, government offices, hospitals and other business establishments. Management consultants usually help companies solve labor, payroll, operational and product issues, such as plant efficiency. IT consultants help companies run their computer networks more efficiently. Both management and IT consultants usually earn annual salaries. Additionally, these professionals may receive bonuses and profit sharing incentives.

Average Annual Salary

  • Management consultants earn annual salaries between $63,690 and $115,194, while IT consultants earn $56,228 to $88,772 per year, according to 2011 data from Including incentive payments, management consultants earn total incomes of $73,089 to $176,411 per year, while IT consultants can earn up to $59,304 to $103,418 annually. data does not reflect actual ranges but rather the top quarter and bottom three-quarters of salaries.

Years of Experience

  • Both management and IT consultants can expect significant salary increases as they gain experience in their respective fields. For example, management consultants with less than one year of experience earn annual salaries of $55,415 to $91,957, per With five to nine years of experience, management consultants can expect to earn salaries of $76,996 to $113,693 per year. And those with 20 or more years of experience earn annual salaries of $91,844 to $158,805.

    IT consultants with less than one year of experience earn annual salaries of $45,852 to $60,612. With five to nine years of experience, they can expect to earn salaries of $61,156 to $88,136 per year. Those with at least 20 years of experience earn annual salaries between $79,476 and $118,337.

Employer Type

  • Management and IT consultants’ salaries can also vary according to their types of employers. For example, management consultants that are self-employed earn some of the highest annual salaries at $75,000 to $156,339, per Those working for private practice firms also earn relatively high salaries at $66,693 to $120,372 per year.

    IT consultants also earn some of their highest salaries when self-employed at $40,000 to $122,449. Those working as contract employees also earn relatively high salaries at $50,868 to $98,722. However, contract employees do not usually receive benefits. Non-profit organizations also pay their IT consultants relatively high annual salaries at $48,788 to $90,757.

Salary by City

  • Management consultants earn some of their highest annual salaries in Chicago at $62,590 to $123,067, according to Those in San Francisco and New York City also earn comparatively high salaries at $74,757 to $121,253 and $67,936 to $120,920 per year, respectively.

    IT consultants earn some of their highest annual salaries in New York City at $59,553 to $96,046. These professionals also earn relatively high salaries in Los Angeles at $59,973 to $91,128 per year. Additionally, those in Houston can expect to earn salaries between $56,373 and $90,718 per year.

About Safety Consultant Salaries
As technology increases our standard of living, careers will continue to become increasingly specialized. Safety consultants are a subset of engineers that are employed to deal exclusively with risk-management. Those considering a career as a safety consultant should consider the job description, day to day operations and potential salary. Here’s a look at the career path and salary range of a safety consultant.

What is a safety consultant?

  • A safety consultant is someone hired by an organization to ensure that the policies and practices being utilized fall within acceptable levels of risk. For example, a safety consultant would be required where a company is working with hazardous chemicals to ensure the company is operating within the bounds of the law and that the organization is using best practices to minimize the chance of an accident.

What does a safety consultant do?

  • A safety consultant operates in an advisory or supervisory capacity. Through his use of specialized knowledge, the safety consultant works with an organization to define potential problems, conduct research, obtain data through surveys and studies, and analyzes the final data to suggest an appropriate course of action. In that sense, one might think of a safety consultant as a kind of engineering lawyer.

Median salary

  • While the median salary for a safety consultant will vary depending on the region, the average salary for a safety consultant in the United States is currently $60, 935. The low end of that salary range is $49, 946 and the high end is $83,066. Because the national average falls closer to the low end of the spectrum, prospective safety consultant should expect to earn less than the median.

Salary range over years of experience

  • Of course, one can also expect the salary of a safety consultant to climb in proportion to years of experience. On average, a safety consultant with 1 to 4 years of experience is paid $43,774 annually. An average safety consultant with 5 to 9 years of experience makes $54,082 per year. From 10 to 19 years of experience, one can expect to earn $67,922. And with over two decades of experience, a safety consultant can make $74,122. In general, those looking to enter the field should expect to work for about a decade before making near the national average.


  • The career of safety consultant offers decent room for advancement, with the opportunity to increase one’s salary over $30,000 over two decades of work. Individuals considering the field should realize that salary growth comes at a fairly slow pace, and should not expect to see significant salary increases until they have accumulated at least a decade of experience. But for those willing to stay the course, the career of safety consultant ensures a healthy standard of living.

Principal Consultant Job Description
A principal consultant normally works for a consulting firm that specializes in financial, technical, management, marketing or scientific industries. The consulting firm is hired by an organization to offer expertise, information, contacts, management and tools that the client cannot provide themselves. This professional typically faces strict deadlines to meet the expectations of the consulting firm’s client. A principal consultant is normally a senior member of the consulting team or a lead consultant on client projects.

Summary of the Job Description

  • The principal consultant is normally responsible for leading the team during client projects. He’s also responsible for the analysis, design, scheduling, construction and delivery of solutions to meet client expectations. The principal consultant is the main contact between the client and consulting firm and oversees the day-to-day operations of the project until completion. In some cases, the principal consultant will lead several client projects.

Duties and Responsibilities

  • The principal consultant works with clients on an assigned project to identify solutions to business problems and streamlines processes. These duties include managing and mentoring the team of consultants assigned to project; executing and completing assigned projects within the time, scope and budget negotiated with the client; evaluating existing systems and procedures and making recommendations for improvement; designing prototypes and proof of concepts that best fit the client’s needs; and ensuring client satisfaction until the project is complete.

Educational Requirements

  • A principal consultant is required to have a bachelor’s degree in the specified discipline of the consulting firm. Some firms require a master’s degree in business administration. Because the principal consultant is the team leader, he may be required to have project management certification. In addition, some jobs require prior work experience in the particular industry, such as engineering or health care.

Technical Knowlege Requirements

  • Most consulting firms prefer their principal consultants have expertise in the consulting firm’s specialty and hold any certifications applicable to it. For example, a principal consultant employed at a firm specializing in technology normally requires technical expertise in programming, development tools and methodologies and system protocols. The job may require certifications in different technologies.

Non-Technical Skill Requirements

  • Because the principal consultant is normally the lead consultant on a project, she must have time-management and planning skills, sales skills and interpersonal skills. In most cases, a principal consultant must have more than 10 years of experience.

Additional Insight

  • Because of the demands of a consulting position, principal consultants are normally promoted from within the consulting firm quickly if they excel in a specific area of expertise or have good interpersonal skills. When hiring a principal consultant, most organizations will accept some skills in different technical disciplines if the candidate offers strong interpersonal, sales and project management skills or previous experience with a consulting firm. Technical responsibilities can be delegated to other team members, and the principal consultant can manage the project to ensure delivery of expected results in a timely manner.

Comparision of WAN Technologies

The advances technologies such as ISDN, Frame Relay, ATM and SDH/SONET are being integrated for the data and voice traffic being transmitted over the internet. In olden days the telephone lines used carried voice traffic in the form of analog and were know as Plain Old Telephone System (POTS), but at present the telephones and the computers use digital technology for the voice and data traffic. Devices like modems are being used to convert analog into digital and vice versa. As more and more peoples are using internet the data and voice traffic is being transmitted over the same line. In my report I will focus on some of the modern technologies for voice and data traffic and the devices that are being used for the purpose in the Wide Area Network. At present the most emerging technology being used in the Wan is VOIP. It transmits voice over the internet using the packets. The users can transmit audio and video over a data network. The analog signal is converted into digital using the modem. The modem converts analog signals into small digital packets to be transmitted over the network. At the receiver end the data is demodulated and the file is converted into an AVG file. This procedure is being used in VOIP, Video conferencing and streaming of audio and video clips on the internet. With this the WAN technologies are emerging and many WAN devices are being used.


Several Local Area Network connected is know as Wide Area Network. This helps in transmitting data to longer distances using a single network. Better example for this would be different branches of a company around the world are interconnected using the Wide Area Network. The branches use LAN in the branch and WAN between different branches which helps the business to grow at a faster pace and with security.


The various WAN devices available in the market are being manufactured on the lines of reliability and security of the network. Some of them are


In the network a router helps to connect one or more than one computers. Normally for home users they are helpful in taking a single broadband connection and spreading

Figure: Router

it to other computers. Backbone of an internet is usually by industrial routers which are used in the telecom industry. Each router has a table configured to make connections which lead to a group of IP addresses. The routing table also have the rules to handle different types of traffic.


A switch is every so often called a ‘intelligent hub’, and at the present that they are no longer considerably more costly than the hubs they have roughly replaced them completely. A switch works alike as a hub, with the aim of to connect devices to let them to work as a single segment. However, it does not repeatedly transmit traffic to each and every port. Whenever a frame of data enters into the switch, it save the physical address (MAC address) and the port it come from in its MAC address table. Then it checks the target MAC address in the table, and if it recognises it sends the frame to the suitable port. If the address is not the table, or address is a broadcast address (intended for every machine on the local network), then it do the equivalent as a hub and transmits the frame throughout every port apart from the originating port.


A hub is a tool for connecting various Ethernet devices (usually PCs) to outline a single segment – a part of a network that is unconnected from other parts of the network. It has several ports throughout which devices are joined, and while it receives data it send it out over through every port apart from the one it come in through. Initially Ethernet networks use coaxial cables. Each computer was fixed with a transceiver, which is connected straight into a long part of coaxial cable – a bus. This means that the traffic flowing on the network is visible to every one on the network.


The short form for modulator and demodulator is Modem. It converts digital frequencies of the computer in to analog to make it transmit over the telephone or cable lines. At the receiver end the modem successfully demodulates the analog into digital and gives it to the computer to carry out appropriate functions.

Figure: Modem



The replacement for old age analog technology is the ISDN. It was implemented to create a more reliable and faster transport mechanism. It is cheaper than a leased line and it takes seconds to install it. The standard ISDN, Broadband ISDN is the version most people are aware of which is the ATM.

The end equipment protocol is defined by the ITU I and the switch/network protocol is defined by the ITU Q series.

Structure of ISDN

The protocol model for ISDN is represented in the following diagram:

Figure: Structure of ISDN


With the beginning of PCM tools in the 1960s, communications networks are steadily transformed to digital technology above the next few years (Werner, Fundamentals and SONET testing). To deal with the stipulate for ever high bit rates, a multiplex hierarchy called the plesiochronous digital hierarchy (PDH) evolve. The bit rates begin with the fundamental multiplex rate of 3 Mbit/s with additional stages of 8, 34 and 140 Mbit/s. The 1980s see a start in the growth of the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH), with the purpose to eliminate the disadvantage inbuilt in PDH. SDH bring the subsequent advantages to network provider.

  1. High transmission rates

Transmission rates of up and about 10 Gbit/s can be achieve in current SDH systems.

  1. Simplified add and drop function

When compared to the old PDH system, it is a lot easier to take out and insert low-bit rate channels on or after or into the high-speed bit streams in SDH.

  1. Reliability

Modern SDH networks consist of various repeated back-up and repair mechanism to deal with system faults.

  1. Future platform for advanced services.

At present, SDH is the suitable platform for the advanced services ranging from ISDN, POTS through to data communications (LAN, WAN).

  1. Interconnectivity

SDH makes it easy to install or set up new gateways in between various network providers and SONET systems.

Figure: SDH Layer Model

Difference between SDH and SONET:

SDH is the synchronous digital hierarchy that is use every where apart from in the USA, Canada and Japan. SONET (Synchronous optical network) is the American counterpart of SDH. Designs of this transmission technology in America begin as far back as 1985. The SONET basic bit rate is 51.48 Mbit/s and is named STS-1 (synchronous transport signal). If the bit rate is transmit above an optical cable system, the signal is named as OC-1 (optical container)

SONET Signal

Bit Rates

SDH Signals


51.84 Mbit/s



155.52 Mbit/s



622.08 Mbit/s



2488.32 Mbit/s



9953.28 Mbit/s


Table: Levels in Hierarchy

Public Data Network:

The people around the world use public network to send and receive data which is also know as internet. If a user is making a call using the internet then its priority will be high because the user is using an expensive technology. If its security and reliability is ignored then more and more private networks will be formed by different companies which will lead to congestion of the network The common carrier subscriptions which own telecom services are known as public networks. It supports the transmission of voice traffic over the internet using the modems through the telephone sockets and gain automated access to users around the world. In this there is no wastage of bandwidth as the calls are being made over the internet and this will be a reliable and suitable for small companies


ATM is the short form for Asynchronous Transfer Mode. Circuit switching usually requires that packets are placed into position in recurring frames, i.e. synchronous, in time, in step according to use and/or network clocks. Asynchronous transmission allow cells to be placed anywhere in the data stream. ATM at present has speeds of 155Mbps (OC-3 ports), 622Mbps (OC-12 ports), 1.2 Gbps and 2.5 Gbps. Since the cells are rigid in length (53 octets, or bytes) quite than variable such as an Ethernet frame, they can be switch in hardware to a certain extent than software and these accounts for the high speeds that can be attain than Ethernet, Token Ring and FDDI.

ATM is very lithe and allow the transmission of a variety of media type such as voice, video, data files etc. all demanding the network in changed ways, video, for example can be extremely subject to a sudden slowdown in network routine as altering speed video is very disturbing. ATM allows committed circuits with certain bandwidths and differing needs to be set up at the same time ( Quality of Service (QoS) can be locate up and is certain at connection stage by means of parameter such as delay, delay jitter and error rate base on the function and the position of the network at the moment of connection. Two priority for traffic are defined; High priority and Low priority. Low priority traffic force is leftover if around are switch congestion trouble. Particularly voice and video traffics include to be transferred by means of previous methods such as MPLS over ATM and IP over ATM, where QoS maintain advantages of the ATM are subjugated in exacting (Cemal Kocak,, 2007). There is no joint media or conflict based protocols in ATM, each machine has 155Mbps all to itself. In ATM you be able to multiplex ‘cell streams’ so as to may be for totally different application, the structure works in ‘connection oriented’ form thereby guarantee cell sequencing for those cells in a exacting connection.

Frame Relay:

It is developed by the values or technology base on ISDN (Piliouras, 2005). The communication is among end users by following the interface of public network and private network (Taylor, 2000). It handles high traffic on internet at high speeds and on the whole handles data networking issue at high speed by functioning on following principles:

Solution for errors like congestion occurs, discarding frames and means to improve errors at end user method. It works on applications of data and is based on packet switching (Smith, 1996). The data is distributed into frames of variable length similar as in packet switching, which is sent to target through frame relay networks. The difference between frame relay and packet switching is that frame relay is second layer protocol of OSI where as packet switching is third layer protocol but frame relay is quite straightforward compared to packet switching linking locations all the way through access circuit to networks (Green, 2000). Carrier information rate (CIR) is the element which is used to charge and it guarantees the transporting the carrier through, Access Circuit cost is classify by LEC and port speed which is a manifold of 64 Kbps.


The idea of information backdrop, issue concerning technology, in force scenarios and advance to protocols management for WAN technologies and a lot of unresolved promotion and technological questions concerning coexist of conventional communications of voice. The WAN technology should further develop earlier than the considerable possible acceptance and also customer service and billing methods. Additional determine execution of WAN and efficient structure of billing method for calls using VOIP system and also sophisticated procedures. Advancement or adoption of WAN technologies will in the end resolve services, price efficiency and Quality of Service. The trouble for session timeout, issue of reliability and solution of feeble slow link have to be resolve. The mixing of data protection system is necessary for errors correction and dependable to run the arbitrary data or voice traffic over the internet internet.


Cathrine Paquet, 2001, “Building Cisco Remote Access Networks” Cisco Press CompTia, Que Publishing.

Cemal Kocak,, MPLS over ATM and IP over ATM methods for multimedia applications, Computer Standards & Interfaces 31 (2009), pp 153–160, 2007.

Dennis & Fitzgerald, 2005, “Business Data Communications Networking“, John Wiley & Sons.

Gupta C P, 2006, “Data Communications and Computer Networks“, India, Prentice Hall of India.

Huggins D, Ferguson B, 2002, “Designing a Windows Server 2003 Active Directory and Network Infrastructure“, Que Publishing.

How to Write a Consulting Report
Consultants play an important role in the business world. From small nonprofit organizations to large international corporations, companies rely on the expertise of consultants to make critical business decisions. Consultants are hired on a contract basis. A consultant’s final product depends on the nature of the consultation. Many consultants produce reports for their clients. The reports offer expert insight into the chosen topic. Use preparation, excellent writing ability and attention to detail to create a thorough consulting report.


  1. Create a title page. Type your name, the name of your company, the name of the report and the name of the client. Include the date the report was delivered to the client.
  2. Include an introduction. Write an introduction that explains the purpose of the report. Outline the basic issues addressed in the report. Include methods and approaches used to analyze the given topic.
  3. Provide analysis of the issues. Give each issue a descriptive heading. For example, “Sodium Content in Lunch Entrees” is possible heading in a consulting report about school lunches. Under each heading detail the particular issue. Offer in-depth analysis of the issue. Include alternatives, possible solutions and recommendations for each issue. Use researched data and statistics.
  4. Create a list of recommendations. Gather all of the recommendations from the analysis sections into one section. List each recommendation in a concise, easy-to-understand manner. For example, “Partner with local vegetarian restaurants to serve vegetarian breakfast and lunch meals in the school once a month” is a possible recommendation for a consulting report.
  5. Write a conclusion. Provide a concise summary of the issues and findings explored in the report.
  6. Write an executive summary. An executive summary is a concise description of what the report contains. Copy important sections from the body of the report and paste them into the executive summary. Include the major findings, analysis and conclusions. According to Custom Papers, a good executive summary allows the reader to understand the basic content of the report without reading the report.
  7. Place the executive summary before the introduction.
  8. Create a table of contents. List each section of the report followed by the page number where that section is found.
  9. Place the table of contents before the executive summary.

The Average Salary of an IT Consultant
An information technology (IT) consultant advises companies and other organizations about computer systems. He assists with selecting servers and other network items for businesses to link all the computers in a building or company together. She helps select new programs, hardware and software programs to meet a company’s needs and provide solutions to challenges. An IT consultant is responsible for handling any issues or problems that arise in clients’ computer systems, and he performs maintenance to keep such systems in good working order. According to, the average salary of an IT consultant depends largely upon a number of factors, such as her work experience and employer type.

Work Experience

  • An IT consultant’s salary depends largely upon how much work experience she has in the field, according to In August 2009, IT consultants with less than one year of experienced earned between $49,055 and $60,632, while those with one to four years averaged $50,233 to $70,561. The average salary for five to nine years of experience was between $63,250 and $92,567. From years 10 to 19, IT consultants’ average salaries were between $72,721 and $107,227. Once he worked in the field for 20 years or more, an IT consultant earned $83,018 to $119,800.

Employer Type

  • The type of employer an IT consultant worked for also affected her average salary range. Self-employed IT consultants earn the highest maximum salaries, but also report some of the lowest average starting salaries. Hospitals, the federal government and foundations pay some of the highest starting salaries, comparatively. Some of the lowest-paying employers of IT consultants were school districts, state and local governments, and colleges and universities, where workers earned as much as 50 percent less than their peers in other areas.


  • IT consultants can earn certifications with a masterful understanding of the company’s products and services. The consultant’s certification also affected the salary. In 2009, IT consultants with Project Management Professional Certification received the highest maximum salaries at $108,502. In addition, Microsoft and Java certifications tended to result in higher salaries than Service Technician certifications or those offered for Cisco telecommunication products.


  • In August 2009, some consultants specialized in particular areas of information technology, such as UNIX systems, where consultants earned between $61,627 and $100,631. Others focused on specific programming languages, and of these, Oracle tended to result in higher pay rates than other languages like SQL or Java. A specialty in general use of Microsoft products or specifically on Windows or Office led to lower salaries than both UNIX and languages.


  • An IT consultants’ education level also affected average salary ranges in August 2009. The highest-paid consultants held masters of business administration degrees, earning between $64,762 and $100,205, while those with masters of science degrees in computer science earned between $64,952 and $96,177. IT consultants who held bachelors of business management degrees in management of information systems were the lowest paid between $51,206 and $81,597.

Emerging Technology Involving Credit/debit Cards

With an increasing trend in online shopping and transactions happening across the globe, there is an imperative need for a plastic card, which will be safe and secure to use. We need to address online fraud, more so in cases where card not present (CNP) transactions like a telephonic order. Every day, millions of consumers use the plastic currencies to make or receive payments across the globe conveniently and quickly. Is it safe and is it getting better?


Visa has a two-fold responsibility – to protect the information of the cardholder and to transfer value in a safe and secure environment devoid of fraud and theft. These transactions may be online or made in person. Visa Europe partnered with EMUE Technologies Pty Ltd to develop a stylish and powerful solution to address the growing cases of CNP fraud. They have been addressing these issues with initiatives like CVV2, and verified by Visa. They are testing a new Visa card with the help of MBNA (UK), Corner Bank (Switzerland), Cal (Israel) and IW Bank (Italy). This card has a built in computer that will generate a one-time password in a random manner. This new design has incorporated a microprocessor, a 12 button key pad, 8 digit number displays and a battery lasting a minimum of three years. It is a fully ISO compliant card, authentic and user friendly. This card can also be deployed for identity card purposes as well.


The card holder is given a pin number secretly. The individual is required to enter the pin into the card. This will then generate a number randomly and is displayed. This will remain the security code (CVV code) for all transactions and is generated only once. The validity and secrecy is maintained with only the individual having access to the PIN number.


Issuing banks have been given an unchallenged method in preserving the integrity and security during online, telephonic, personal transactions and a much safer method in cases of fund transfer. Thus, they ensure that the individual does not have to share his credentials with any other source that cannot be trusted upon.


For now, let us just wait and watch the response gained as these are monetary transactions before stepping in for action.


About EMUE: EMUE Technologies is a privately held Australian firm with a vision to address issues regarding authentication in an attempt to mitigate theft. They have partnered with Deloitte Touche Tohamatsu in 2006 to help roll out of the products and services. They are leaders in providing secure access.


Visa Europe became independent of the new global Visa Inc. in the year 2007. The new global Visa Inc. restructured and listed in the New York Stock Exchange in the year 2008. They have begun trading publicly with one the largest initial public offering in the U.S. A membership association was formed and operated by approximately 4600 European member banks in the name of Visa Europe. Together, they operate electronic payment network in a global manner by facilitating global commerce. They transfer information and value amongst financial institutions, merchants, consumers, and governments across 170 nations and territories.

How to Start an Information Technology Business
As small businesses continue to grow, many companies are choosing to forego the expense of employing a full time Information Technology department and instead choosing to utilize an information technology business to keep essential systems up and running. If you have an IT background and have dreamed of owning your own business, there are a few simple steps that will have you well on your way.


  1. Have solid credentials. This means both knowledge and formal education. A degree in computer science will be helpful, as well as degrees in related fields of computer technology. Know what systems and software are in common use today, as well as some of the lesser known equivalents. Being able to articulate the range of your knowledge to prospective customers will help to build confidence plus also make it possible to appeal to a wider range of clients.
  2. Obtain a business license. This is usually not difficult to do. In most jurisdictions, the business license for starting up a service related business such as IT support requires filling out a few forms and paying a fee. Having the business license will provide you with a degree of legitimacy in the local business community and may open some doors as well.
  3. Set up an office. Even though much of your day will involve site visits to clients to run diagnostics on servers and related components and troubleshooting minor problems, you still need a permanent location with a phone, a desk, and a couple of chairs. The existence of the office, however humble, tells potential clients you are permanent and ill be around for the long haul.
  4. Acquire your own testing equipment and hardware. This will include portable devices you can use on site, as well as equipment that you keep at the office and use when it is necessary to bring a monitor, hard drive, or server into the office for more detailed work. Also, make sure you have the proper tools to open casings and work with motherboards and other internal components without constantly having to run out to buy something.
  5. Establish your basic fees. Many IT support businesses offer one to three packages of service for a monthly fee. The packages will specify what your normal and standard services will be each month, as they relate to maintenance, repair, consultations, and other IT related functions. Offering more than one package will make it possible to earn clients with varying ranges of support needs.
  6. Network in the community. Proactively ask existing customers for recommendations. Join the local chamber of commerce and show up at gatherings. Leave business cards posted on bulletin boards and other places where business cards are routinely collected. Find a few other small business owners in the area who are willing to pass out your cards and contact information in exchange for you returning the favor.

Job Description for an Information Technology Consultant
Information technology systems are complex and often require the services of experts to operate efficiently. Many organizations, especially smaller firms, may not have the expertise in-house. Enter the information technology consultant, who can help install equipment, and assess, troubleshoot and resolve problems. IT consultants are typically self-employed or work for consulting firms, and they may work on short- or long-term projects. An IT consultant’s job duties will vary according to her specialty or the customer’s needs.

Basic Skills and Characteristics

  • The ability to interpret complex information and develop a plan to resolve problems is a key skill for IT consultants. Information might come from a variety of sources, such as the software the customer is using, the reports from the organization’s IT staff and the employees who use the system. The IT consultant must sift through all of this data to determine what changes are necessary and how the changes may affect a project. An IT consultant must be able to work with all levels of staff in an organization, which requires excellent communication skills. She must also be able to simplify complex issues to ensure that everyone understands the nature of the problems and solutions.

Major Tasks

  • IT consultants have two primary tasks. The first is to assess an organization’s systems and procedures. They may review training procedures or test software, for example The second task is to design a solution that will improve the organization’s efficiency. The IT consultant might consult with the management and staff of an organization, and provide a cost-benefit analysis of possible upgrades or other changes. She could develop new ways to use an existing system or to increase functionality, and oversee the installation and configuration of new systems.

Secondary Duties

  • An IT consultant’s other tasks might include programming; evaluating workflows related to the organization’s information system; and developing flowcharts or other diagrams to illustrate recommended changes and activities. Most IT consultants specialize in a particular area of the field. Systems designers are typically called in to help choose and install an information technology system. Software quality analysts test systems and diagnose problems, and develop recommendations to improve the system. Programmer analysts update software, create applications and debug systems to make them operate better.

How to Get There

  • Most IT consultants have a bachelor’s degree in computer or information science, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, and some employers prefer a master’s degree. In some cases, the consultant’s major is in liberal arts or another field but she has gained extensive programming and technical expertise. Consultants often need experience in the industry, and often specialize in a particular field, such as health care or finance. An IT consultant must also take classes or study on her own to remain current in the field.

How to Become a Technology Consultant
A technology consultant provides support and system design expertise to companies and businesses looking to implement or upgrade an information technology network. To become a technology consultant, you can either get the proper training to qualify for internal, permanent positions with consulting companies or work for yourself on a contract basis.

Get the Training

  1. Do a 4-year bachelor’s degree in a technology-related field, such as computer science, information systems management or electronics. Since the focus of your consulting career is going to be providing technological support, you don’t need advanced, formal business training.
  2. Go on to take specialized courses in information technology once you graduate from college. Available through professional schools and other accredited institutions, IT education is a key way to signal yourself as a true professional in a world of “do-it-yourself” individuals without hard credentials.
  3. Consider adding a graduate degree to your education portfolio to give yourself an edge in the workplace.
  4. Keep your skill set up-to-date at all times as you get your career off the ground by enrolling in inexpensive technology classes at your local city college. Information technology changes fast. Change with it.

Start Working

  1. Do small-scale technology consulting on a freelance basis for independent businesses looking to implement some IT to their workplace. Advertise yourself locally, and work at reduced (or even free) rates until you have built up enough experience on your resume to start applying for jobs.
  2. Expect that you’ll need at least a couple of years of proven experience before you’ll start turning heads in the professional world as you try to become a technology consultant.
  3. Know that the technology consulting industry is roughly broken up into three categories: professional services, staffing companies and independents. Professional services companies are large IT consulting firms who employ a large, steady workforce to meet the needs of their clients. Staffing agencies, on the other hand, outsource IT professionals on a contract basis according to market demand.
  4. Keep an eye toward going into business for yourself, once you have built up an impressive enough resume and have access to a steady client base without the aid of an agency or consulting firm. To become an independent technology consultant, expect to work professionally for a period of at least 3 to 5 years before you’ll have the know-how to go out on your own.

Emerging Issues in Business and Technology

Business leaders assess emerging trends in business and technology to identify growing societal, business and technology issues. Companies identify these issues and explore future innovation, emerging technologies, business processes and best practices to identify perspective markets and areas of business growth. Through the assessment of emerging trends in business and technology, businesses can maintain a competitive advantage and identify business areas where difficulties may arise.

Societal Trends

  • As real-time global communication brings individuals closer together; business must identify product and service opportunities using a more human-centric approach. Studying the behaviors of consumers helps businesses to adjust business models and advertising to attract specific demographics. An example of how societal trend affect business is the new trend of “Social TV.” A joint 2010 U.S. study by Nielsen and Yahoo! discovered that more than 86 percent of mobile Internet users communicate with each other during television broadcasts. A 2011 survey by Digital Clarity discovered that 72 percent of people under 25 in the U.K. use social networking to comment on shows as they watch them.

Business Trends

  • Globalization and technology are changing business. New business models take into account the global market place through the development of global strategic markets, manufacturing and advertising collaborations. A business’ capacity to understand global and societal trends will determine its products, marketplaces, marketing and its survivability.

    As business and technology continue to create global networks, the need for security will increase. Businesses will need every-changing data security plans to continually safeguard sensitive data and protect consumers from fraud and identity theft. Disaster-recovery plans also become essential as disasters in other countries may affect business product or sales in another. Businesses need emergency procedures in place to cover all kinds of disasters including terrorism and societal unrest.

Technology Trends

  • Innovations in communication technologies have given birth to social networking. Real-time reviews of products and services instantly affect businesses. Moviegoers no longer wait for movie review or to tell their friends about their movie experiences, instead they use social networks for movie fans, such as, to post their comments. Movies that could make money over a weekend now fail on their first day of release. Global issues, such as energy and the environment will encourage businesses to develop green technologies to reduce energy expenditures and clean the environment. Emerging green technologies, such as fuel-celled power, will continue to develop. Business will begin to look to energy-efficient technologies to reduce costs.

Economic Trends

  • The Great Recession has had an impact on the America and global economy. In a 2010 survey conducted by Pew Research Center, 54 percent of Americans say they are just getting by while four out of 10 surveyed say the recession forced them to make major lifestyle changes. Most surveyed cited cutting back or eliminating non-essential items and entertainment to save money.

    Recessions also affect global migration and hiring. According to the International Organization for Migration, about 3 percent of the global workforce works as migrant labor. These workers are often the first to be let go in their host country and find difficulties repatriating to find work. Studies in the U.S., Canada and Europe indicate business tends to contact applicants with native names more than applicants with ethnic names. During harsh economic times, finding employment can become difficult and consumers tend to limit purchasing to essential items. These economic stresses require businesses to re-evaluate product and service development to retain viability.

Following Tradition over Modern Technology

Today we live in a world, where there are new diseases as well as new medications for it. There are situations, where people have failed to respond to the most advanced techniques, yet have found great comfort in healing through the methods of years old traditional healing. Modern medicine involves application of health science, modern technology, and research, for the diagnosis and treatment of the diseases, whereas traditional medicine operates on singular or multiple lines to maintain wellbeing. Traditional methods uses herbal means, massage therapies, and exercises. Contemporary methods include treatments using capsules, surgical procedures, and years of thorough research which brings 100 percent precision. Although both ways share the same goal, of healing, it varies in certain features.

If you study the medical approaches of different regions, you will find that risking human life is not a light subject in Islam, they believe that medicinal practices should be done by someone who has experience in this field rather than the non-doctors, so that they can understand the nature of the illness and determine the right medication and treatment for the same. Islamic medicine and its benefits in our lives have been keeping us in good health over the years, and today, many are trying to bring its benefits in their lives as well.

Said to be practiced by the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) himself, Hijama is a great healing process which is economical, shows quick results, and has no side effects. Also known as cupping therapy, this alternative kind of medicine has been very helpful for people to get rid of the pain, and become their healthy selves. This treatment is not directly related to religion, and has been used by people of all religion and cultures. Since we lead a fast life, therapeutic medicine is helpful in removing impurities, reduce pain, increase blood circulation, and produce new blood. It is also helpful in treating disorders, related to respiration, digestive, and some gynecological. Although this is performed by the Muslims, but there are people who are gaining benefits from this therapy.

The human body has limited ability to clean blood on its own, and removing acidic toxic waste that reduce or block vital blood flow to affected cells, tissues and organs. All the serious life threatening diseases are linked to poor diet and unhealthy lifestyle. There is hardly any disease that cannot be treated, relieved or cured by cleaning the blood and improving blood circulation, and that is what Hijama and the various kinds of medication under the Islamic approach directs to.

If you want something that will make your life complete, without any additional costs or side effects, you should go for treatment under Islamic medicine. This will help to improve your overall wellbeing, and let you lead a pain free life, as much as possible. The only thing is have it performed by experts who are familiar with the process.

How to Chemically Extract Gold From Plating
Traditionally, recovering and extracting gold from gold-plated items was a complex and dangerous process. With advances in technology and scientific methods, extracting gold plating from computer scrap and old vintage ceramic and glass dishware has become a profitable hobby. Using the right equipment, in combination with nontoxic chemicals, you can extract gold plating in your home or a small workshop.


  1. Visit the Shor International website and purchase a gold recovery unit that uses Subzero nontoxic chemicals for gold plating recovery (see Resources). There is no comparable product on the market that offers nontoxic chemical processes and equipment to safely recover gold.
  2. Set up a separate work area with plenty of ventilation. Choose a space that will not be disturbed by visitors, pets or children. Set up the gold recovery unit in this space. Put a box of your gold-plated items in the work area.
  3. Watch the instructional video that came with your gold recovery unit.


  1. Add the nontoxic chemicals to the gold recovery unit.
  2. Add some of the gold-plated items to the gold recovery unit. Let the gold-plated items sit in the chemical solution for 10 to 15 minutes, unless the video specifies otherwise.
  3. Remove the items from the chemical solution. The solution should have stripped off the gold plating.
  4. Remove the gold and precious metals sludge from the bottom of the gold recovery unit, using the copper spoon or scoop. Place the gold sludge on a paper towel.
  5. Wearing safety gloves, squeeze any excess Subzero chemical solution out of the gold sludge and back into the gold recovery unit. Let the gold sludge dry.
  6. Weigh the recovered gold on the digital scale and make note of it.

How to Clean Corroded Chrome
Chrome offers a shiny, mirrorlike finish on car wheels, bicycle spokes, household appliances, faucets, furniture or vintage car bumpers. Manufacturers apply a thin chrome layer over metals, usually steel, to produce a chrome-plated item. Chrome may look rusted and corroded, but it is actually the underlying metal that produces the rust. Cleaning corrosion off a surface requires a gentle hand to prevent abrading the chrome off the surface or leaving scratches in the finish.


  1. Wash the chrome surface with a rag and mild dish soap to remove dust and dirt. Rinse the chrome and dry it with a rag to reveal all corrosion.
  2. Pour a layer of salt on a plate. Cut a fresh lemon in half and dip the lemon into the salt. Scrub the chrome corrosion with the salted lemon, reapplying salt as necessary, until the corrosion is no longer visible. Wash the chrome surface with dish detergent and water, rinse and dry with a towel.
  3. Fill a spray bottle with undiluted white vinegar. Generously spray the corroded chrome and let the vinegar sit on the surface for 10 to 15 minutes. Dip a toothbrush or soft-bristled nylon brush into vinegar and scrub the corrosion off the surface. Wash the chrome with soap and water, rinse and dry it with a towel.
  4. Mix baking soda with water to create a creamy paste. Pick the baking soda paste up with a damp sponge and scrub the chrome corrosion until it disappears. Rinse the chrome surface with water and dry it with a towel.
  5. Fold a sheet of aluminum foil in half with the shiny side facing out. Crush the foil in your hand to form a crumpled ball. Rub the corroded spots until they shine.
  6. Dampen a rag with cola. Dab the cola onto the chrome corrosion and let it sit for one to two minutes. Rub the chrome with the wadded aluminum foil until the corrosion disappears. Wash the chrome with hot, soapy water and dry it with a towel.
  7. Spread white toothpaste over the chrome corrosion with your finger. Scrub with a damp rag until you remove all corrosion. Rinse the chrome surface with water and dry it with a towel.
  8. Mix powdered orange- or lemon-flavored drink mix with water to form a paste. Pick the paste up with a nylon scrubbing sponge and rub it over the corroded areas of chrome until the corrosion is no longer visible. Wash the chrome with dish soap and water, rinse and dry it with a towel.
  9. Dip a rag or #0000 steel wool into a commercially available chrome polish. Rub the polish into the chrome until the corrosion disappears. Buff the polish off the chrome surface with a rag.

How to Color Tint Chrome
Manufacturers use chrome for decorative purposes, to provide corrosion resistance, to ease cleaning procedures or to increase surface hardness. Owners can change the look of their vehicles by simply tinting the chrome on the bumpers, grill or other external car parts. In addition, as time passes, chrome plating may scratch, crack, rust or corrode, requiring a touch-up or replacement. Regardless of reasoning, you can change the color of your chrome fairly easily. However, you must tint or paint a chrome surface carefully since the color will not adhere well unless properly prepared.


  1. Determine what color you want to tint the chrome and purchase it.
  2. Clean the chrome with the soap and water. Scrub lightly using the rag. Scrubbing too hard will cause peeling and scratching that will need repairing before tinting. Rinse with warm water and let it dry.
  3. Look for rust on the chrome. Sand any rust spots down with the sandpaper. Dust off any rust particles with the soft brush. Repeat this process until the rust is smooth or eliminated.
  4. Apply the adhesion promoter with the paint brush. Wait for it to dry. Read promoter instructions for drying times since they vary by brand.
  5. Spray the self-etching primer on the chrome. Even out the primer using a different paint brush. Wait for it to dry. Review primer instructions for drying time since it varies by brand. Apply the second coat and wait for it to dry.
  6. Apply the tint to the chrome with another paint brush. Wait for it to dry and repeat until chrome is the desired color.

How to Calculate Electroplating
Electroplating is a process where the ions of a metal are transferred by an electric field in a solution to coat a conductive object. Cheaper metals like copper can be electroplated with silver, nickel or gold to give them a protective coating. A common application of this was with the production of automobiles, where steel parts were plated with copper, then nickel and finally chromium to give outdoors temperature and weather protection. We can calculate the time it will take to electroplate 1 mole of the metal given the metal being electroplated and the current being applied.


  1. Look at the chemical equation to determine how many electrons are needed for 1 mole of the metal being electroplated. Using an example, if we take copper Cu as our metal with 25 amps, then each mole of copper Cu++ will require 2e- electrons.
  2. Use the equation Q = n(e) * F to solve for Q. Q is the amount of electricity or charge in coulombs C, n(e) is the number of moles of electrons and F is the Faraday constant 96,500 C mole-1. Using our example where we need 2e- for each mole of copper:

    Q = n(e) * F

    Q = 2mol * 96,500 C/mole

    Q = 193,000 C

  3. Determine the time it will take to electroplate out one mole of the metal using the equation t = Q/I. Q is the amount of electricity in coulombs C, I is the current in amps A and t is the time in seconds. Using our example:

    t = Q/I

    t = (193,000 C) / (25 A)

    t = 7720 seconds = 7720 seconds / (3600 seconds/hr) = 2.144 hours

How to Make Plastic Look Like Chrome
Chrome has adorned everything from cars to houses and even decorations. But how do you get plastic to look like chrome? The process used to chrome-plate an object has varied, undesirable effects when used on most plastics. It can pit the plastic, fail to adhere at all or wind up blotchy and dull. With a few simple supplies, you can make plastic look like chrome while avoiding the pitfalls of trying to actually chrome-plate the plastic and reduce the possibility of damaging your plastic.


  1. Put on your particulate mask. You can use a regular dust mask but it might not prevent inhalation of fumes and vapors. A full respirator is recommended, but a particulate mask and working in a well-ventilated area will suffice.
  2. Sand the plastic well with wet/dry sandpaper — 400 to 600 grit paper should be fine for this process.
  3. Clean your plastic with a mild degreaser using a rag and rinse it well with water.
  4. Spray the plastic with a thin coat of primer and let it sit for a couple days to dry and cure. Repeat steps 2 through 4 once; adding a second coat of primer. Primer can be purchased online at your local hobby or hardware store; brands include Rustoleum, Krylon and SEM (see Resources).
  5. Sand the primed plastic one more time after it has cured. Rinse it to remove dust and allow it to dry.
  6. Spray the plastic with a thin coat of chrome spray paint. Allow the paint to dry for a couple of days. Chrome spray paint can be purchased online or at your local hobby or hardware store; brands include Rustoluem, Krylon and Spaz Stix (see Resources).
  7. Spray the plastic with another thin coat of chrome spray paint. This will ensure that thin areas are built-up and the primer underneath does not show through. Allow the paint to dry for a couple of days before handling it.

How to Remove Scratches From Plastic Chrome
Clean and unscratched chrome shines and reflects brightly in the sunshine. Although plastic chrome is durable and resists scratching, accidents happen whether you are on the road, at the mall and parked at home. You can remove light scratches from plastic chrome by washing and buffing the scratches. If your plastic chrome has a deep scratch, you may need to take it to the auto body shop for a professional repair.


  1. Wash the plastic chrome in warm water with a sponge in a solution car-wash soap made for washing plastic chrome. The proportions of soap and water vary depending on the brand of car-wash soap you have. Mix according to manufacturer’s directions. Rinse the sponge frequently in clear water to avoid scratching the chrome more. You can use a brush, but make sure it has very soft bristles so it doesn’t scratch the plastic chrome.
  2. Rinse the washed area with clean water, then dry with a soft, thick-nap terry cloth or chamois.
  3. Wrap a piece of cotton cloth around your index finger. Add a dot of mild or non-abrasive polish to the tip of the cloth and buff the polish in a circular motion.
  4. Buff the polish away with a clean, dry cloth.